Biology and Fertility of Soils

, Volume 17, Issue 4, pp 301–308 | Cite as

Fumigation-extraction and substrate-induced respiration derived microbial biomass C, and respiration rate in limed soil of Scots pine sapling stands

  • Outi Priha
  • Aino Smolander
Original Paper


The effect of liming on microbial biomass C and respiration activity was studied in four liming experiments on young pine plantations. One of the experimental sites had been limed and planted 12 years before, two 5 years before, and one a year before soil sampling. The youngest experimental site was also treated with ash fertilizer. Liming raised the pHKCl of the humus layer by 1.5 units or less. Microbial biomass was measured using the fumigation-extraction and substrate-induced respiration methods. Liming did not significantly affect microbial biomass C, except in the experiment which had been limed 11 years ago, where there was a slight biomass increase. Basal respiration, which was measured by the evolution of CO2, increased in the limed soils, except for the youngest experiment, where there was no effect. Ash fertilization raised the soil pHKCl by about 0.5 unit, but did not influence microbial biomass C or basal respiration. Fumigation-extraction and substrate-induced respiration derived microbial biomass C values were correlated positively with each other (r=0.65), but substrate-induced respiration gave approximately 1.3 times higher results. In addition, the effect of storing the soil samples at +6 and -18°C was evaluated. The effects were variable but, generally, the substrate-induced respiration derived microbial biomass C decreased, and the fumigation-extraction derived microbial biomass C and basal respiration decreased or were not affected by storage.

Key words

Basal respiration Fumigation extraction Humus layer Lime Microbial biomass Pinus sylvestris L. Storage Substrate-induced respiration 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Outi Priha
    • 1
  • Aino Smolander
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Forest EcologyFinnish Forest Research InstituteVantaaFinland

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