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Complete disappearance of giant intracranial germinoma after irradiation

Abstract

Intracranial germinomas are lesions with a varying, rather benign growth potential, and account for only 0.3 to 1.5% of all brain tumors. About 70% of the patients with these tumors are between 10 and 21 years of age at diagnosis. Germinomas are radiosensitive and respond well also to chemotherapy. The case of a 22-year-old male patient with a giant primary intracranial germinoma originating in the pineal region is presented. Clinical signs and symptoms are described together with neuroradiological, light-microscopic, and immunohistochemical findings. The tumor was irradiated with a total dose of 46 Gy and disappeared completely already after an effective tumor dose of 30 Gy. No recurrence was seen during a follow-up of three years. The patient's quality of life could be preserved and a complete cure was achieved.

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Rainov, N.G., Holzhausen, H. & Burkert, W. Complete disappearance of giant intracranial germinoma after irradiation. Neurosurg. Rev. 18, 285–292 (1995). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00383883

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Keywords

  • Intracranial germinoma
  • irradiation
  • pine-aloma