Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology

, Volume 45, Issue 3, pp 231–236 | Cite as

Al and Ti contents of hornblende, indicators of pressure and temperature of regional metamorphism

  • P. Raase


Chemical analyses of hornblendes from different regional metamorphic terrains and from rocks of different metamorphic grade have been compared. Hornblendes of lowpressure type are distinguished from hornblendes of high-pressure type by their AlVI and Si contents. The Ti content of hornblende is shown to increase with metamorphic temperature from the greenschist-amphibolite transition facies to the hornblende-granulite facies.


Chemical Analysis Mineral Resource Metamorphic Grade Regional Metamorphism Metamorphic Temperature 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Banno, S.: Petrologic studies on Sanbagawa crystalline schists in the Bessi-Ino district, central Sikoku, Japan. J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, sect. II 15, 203–319 (1964)Google Scholar
  2. Bard, J. P.: Composition of hornblendes formed during the Hercynian progressive metamorphism of the Aracena metamorphic belt (SW Spain). Contr. Mineral. and Petrol. 28, 117–134 (1970)Google Scholar
  3. Binns, R. A.: The mineralogy of metamorphosed basic rocks from the Willyama complex, Broken Hill district, New South Wales. Part I. Hornblendes. Mineral. Mag. 35, 306–326 (1965)Google Scholar
  4. Compton, R. R.: Significance of amphibole paragenesis in the Bidwell Bar region, California. Am. Mineralogist 43, 890–907 (1958)Google Scholar
  5. Davidson, L. R.: Metamorphic hornblendes from basic granulites of the Quairading district, western Australia. Neues Jahrb. Mineral., Monatsh. 1971, 344–359Google Scholar
  6. Engel, A. E. J., Engel, C. G.: Hornblendes formed during progressive metamorphism of amphibolites, northwest Adirondack Mountains, New York. Bull. Geol. Soc. Am. 73, 1499–1514 (1962)Google Scholar
  7. Eskola, P.: On the granulites of Lapland. Am. J. Sci., Bowen Vol., 133–171 (1952)Google Scholar
  8. Fabries, J.: Nature des hornblendes et type de metamorphisme. Pap. Proc. 5th Gen. Meet., Cambridge (Engl.), 204–211 (1968)Google Scholar
  9. Holdaway, M. J.: Basic regional metamorphic rocks in part of the Klamath Mountains, northern California. Am. Mineralogist 50, 953–977 (1965)Google Scholar
  10. Hutton, C. O.: Metamorphism in the Lake Wakatipu region, western Otago, New Zealand. Geol. Mem. New Zealand 5, 1–90 (1940)Google Scholar
  11. Kostyuk, E. A., Sobolev, V. S.: Paragenetic types of calciferous amphiboles of metamorphic rocks. Lithos 2, 67–82 (1969)Google Scholar
  12. Leake, B. E.: The relationship between tetrahedral aluminium and the maximum possible octahedral aluminium in natural calciferous and subcalciferous amphiboles. Am. Mineralogist 50, 843–851 (1965)Google Scholar
  13. Leake, B. E.: On aluminous and edenitic hornblendes. Mineral. Mag. 38, 389–407 (1971)Google Scholar
  14. Leelanandam, C.: Chemical mineralogy of hornblendes and biotites from the charnockitie rocks of Kondapalli, India. J. Petrol. 11, 475–506 (1970)Google Scholar
  15. Mason, B.: Metamorphism in the southern Alps of New Zealand. Bull. Am. Museum Nat. Hist. 123, 211–248 (1962)Google Scholar
  16. Matthews, D. W., Cheeney, R. F.: The metamorphic evolution of the Moine nappe in Skye. Scot. J. Geol. 4, 20–30 (1968)Google Scholar
  17. Paulitsch, P.: Zwei Hornblenden aus Metabasiten der Hochalm-Ankogelgruppe. Tschermaks Mineral. Petrog. Mitt., 3. Folge, 1, 14–18 (1948)Google Scholar
  18. Raase, P.: Über die Färbung von Hornblenden und die mineralogische Kennzeichnung von Barroisit und Karinthin. Karinthin 66, 273–280 (1972a)Google Scholar
  19. Raase, P.: Petrographie und Geologie des oberen Zillergrundes und Sondergrundes (Zillertaler Alpen, Österreich). Diss. Univ. Kiel (1972b)Google Scholar
  20. Raith, M.: Seriengliederung und Metamorphose im östlichen Zillertaler Hauptkamm (Tirol, Österreich). Verh. Geol. Bundesanstalt Wien, 163–207 (1971)Google Scholar
  21. Ray, S.: Significance of hornblende compositions from basic granulites of the type charnockite area near Madras. Neues Jahrb. Mineral., Monatsh. 1970, 456–466Google Scholar
  22. Raychaudhuri, B.: Relation of atomic constitution to lattic parameters in some hornblendes from the Black Hills, South Dakota. Am. Mineralogist 49, 198–206 (1964)Google Scholar
  23. Robinson, P., Jaffe, H. W.: Chemographic exploration of amphibole assemblages from central Massachusetts and south-western New Hampshire. Mineral. Soc. Am., Spec. Pap. 2, 251–272 (1969)Google Scholar
  24. Seitsaari, J.: A bluegreen hornblende and its genesis from Tampere schist belt, Finland. Bull. Comm. Geol. Finlande 159, 83–98 (1953)Google Scholar
  25. Shido, F., Miyashiro, A.: Hornblende of basic metamorphic rocks. J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, sect. II, 12, 85–102 (1959)Google Scholar
  26. Steiger, R. H.: Die Hornblende der Tremolaserie. Teil I. Chemismus und Dichte der Hornblenden. Schweiz. Mineral. Petrog. Mitt. 41, 127–156 (1961)Google Scholar
  27. Tilley, C. E.: The status of hornblende in low grade metamorphic zones of green schists. Geol. Mag. 75, 497–511 (1938)Google Scholar
  28. Turner, F. J.: Metamorphic petrology, 403 p. New York: McGraw Hill 1968Google Scholar
  29. Van der Plas, L., Hügi, T.: A ferrian sodium-amphibole from Vais, Switzerland. Schweiz. Mineral. Petrog. Mitt. 41, 371–393 (1961)Google Scholar
  30. Wiseman, J. D. H.: The central and south-west Highland epidiorites: a study in progressive metamorphism. Quart. J. Geol. Soc. London 90, 354–417 (1934)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Raase
    • 1
  1. 1.Mineralogisch-Petrographisches Institut der Universität KielFederal Republic of Germany

Personalised recommendations