Journal of Business Ethics

, Volume 6, Issue 5, pp 383–391 | Cite as

Ethics in american companies: A managerial perspective

  • Barry Z. Posner
  • Warren H. Schmidt


This study investigated several issues with 1498 managers nationwide regarding, for example, how ethical they felt their organizations were and whether their personal principles must be compromised for the organization's sake. In addition their decision criteria for two scenarios involving ethical implications were articulated.


Economic Growth Decision Criterion Ethical Implication Managerial Perspective Personal Principle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Baumhart, R.: 1961, ‘How Ethical are Businessmen?’, Harvard Business Review 39(4), 6–19.Google Scholar
  2. Brenner, S. and E. Molander: 1977, ‘Is the Ethics of Business Changing?’, Harvard Business Review 55(1), 57–71.Google Scholar
  3. Cheit, E.: 1985, ‘General Dynamics: A Laboratory for Ethics’, Los Angeles Times (December 28), 4:1+.Google Scholar
  4. Cooper, T.: 1982, The Responsible Administrator (Kennikat Press, Port Washington, New York).Google Scholar
  5. Coye, R.: 1986, ‘Individual Values and Business Ethics’, Journal of Business Ethics 5, 45–49.Google Scholar
  6. England, G.: 1967, ‘The Personal Value Systems of American Managers’, Academy of Management Journal 9, 53–68.Google Scholar
  7. Fritzsche, D. and H. Becker: 1984, ‘Linking Managerial Behavior to Ethical Philosophy — An Empirical Investigation’, Academy of Management Journal 17, 166–175.Google Scholar
  8. Lincoln, D., M. Pressley, and T. Little: 1982, ‘Ethical Beliefs and Personal Values of Top Level Executives’, Journal of Business Research 10, 475–487.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Mintzberg, H.: 1973, The Nature of Managerial Work (Harper & Row, New York).Google Scholar
  10. Newstrom, J. and W. Ruch: 1975, ‘The Ethics of Management and the Management of Ethics’, MSU Business Topics 23, 29–37.Google Scholar
  11. Nichols, M. L. and V. Day: 1982, ‘A Comparison of Moral Reasoning of Group and Individuals on the Defining Issues Test’, Academy of Management Journal 24, 201–208.Google Scholar
  12. Posner, B. Z.: 1986, ‘Individual's Moral Judgement and Its Impact on Group Processes’, International Journal of Management 3, 5–11.Google Scholar
  13. Ricklefs, R.: 1983a, ‘Executives and General Public Say Ethical Behavior is Declining in U.S.’, Wall Street Journal (October 31), 2:33.Google Scholar
  14. Ricklefs, R: 1983b, ‘Public Gives Executives Low Morales for Honesty and Ethical Standards’, Wall Street Journal (November 2), 2:33.Google Scholar
  15. Rokeach, M.: 1973, The Nature of Human Values (Free Press, New York).Google Scholar
  16. Ross, I.: 1980, ‘How Lawless are Big Companies?’, Fortune 102(11), 56–63.Google Scholar
  17. Schmidt, W. H. and B. Z. Posner: 1982, Managerial Values and Expectations: The Silent Power in Personal and Organizational Life (AMACOM, New York).Google Scholar
  18. Schmidt, W. H. and B. Z. Posner: 1983, Managerial Values in Perspective (AMACOM, New York).Google Scholar
  19. Sturdivant, F. and J. Ginter: 1977, ‘Corporate Social Responsiveness: Management Attitudes and Economic Performance, California Management Review 19, 30–39.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Williams, W.: 1985, ‘White-Collar Crime: Booming Again’, The New York Times (June 9), 4:1+.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Z. Posner
    • 1
  • Warren H. Schmidt
    • 1
  1. 1.Leavy School of Business and AdministrationSanta Clara UniversitySanta ClaraU.S.A.

Personalised recommendations