Advertisement

Road traffic noise around schools: a risk for pupil's performance?

  • Sofía A. Sanz
  • Ana M. García
  • Amando García
Original Articles

Summary

Noise levels around educational centres can negatively affect the performance of both teachers and pupils. Two public schools in Valencia, Spain, were selected for study. One of these schools was exposed to excessively high road traffic noise levels while the other was located in a relatively quiet area. The socioeconomic level of those attending the schools was very similar. A set of external and internal noise measurements were carried out, along with two different attention tests among the children. Test results were consistently better (both for tests and for children from different classrooms in each school) in the quiet school. Exposure to high traffic noise levels in the noisy school over the whole school year is a plausible determinant of these results.

Key words

Noise effects on health Noise mental effects Noise interference with attention Pupil's performance in schools 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Brown AL, Chan R, Chan HF (1985) Surveying the noise exposure of classrooms. Appl Acoust 18:55–67Google Scholar
  2. Cohen S, Evans GW, Krantz DS, Stokols D, Kelly S (1981) Aircraft noise and children: longitudinal and crossectional evidence on adaptation to noise and the effectiveness of noise abatement. J Pers Soc Psych 40:331–345Google Scholar
  3. Crook MA, Langdon FJ (1974) The effects of aircraft noise in schools around London airport. J Sound Vib 34:221–232Google Scholar
  4. Fajarí M (1984) Medidas de ruido ambiental en la ciudad de Valencia. Doctoral thesis. University of Valencia, ValenciaGoogle Scholar
  5. Garcá A, Bernal D (1985) The prediction of traffic noise levels in urban areas. In: Federal Institute for Occupational Safety (ed) Proceedings of the International Conference on Noise Control Engineering, vol II. Federal Institute for Occupational Safety, Munich, pp 235–237Google Scholar
  6. Green KB, Pasternack BS, Shore RE (1982) Effects of aircraft noise on reading ability of school-age children.Arch Environ Health 37:24–31PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Grosjean L, Lodi R, Rabinowitz J (1981) Bruit et activité scolaire. Rev Acoust 41:176–181Google Scholar
  8. Houtgast T (1981) The effect of ambient noise on speech intelligibility in classrooms. Appl Acoust 14:15–25Google Scholar
  9. Ko NWM (1981) Responses of teachers to road traffic noise. J Sound Vib 77:133–136Google Scholar
  10. Koszarny Z (1978) Effects of aircraft noise on the mental functions of school children. Arch Acoust 3:85–105Google Scholar
  11. López I, Caries JL, Herranz K (1992) The effect of a noise abatement program on the attention capacity and reading ability of school children. In: Acoustical Society of China (ed) Proceedings of the 14th International Congress on Acoustics. ASC, Beijing (China), pp 178–179Google Scholar
  12. Ministère de l'Education Nationale (1989) L'acoustique des locaux scolaires. Centre du Conseil Technique aux Collectivités Territoriales, ParisGoogle Scholar
  13. Moch A (1984) Study of the effects of noise on personality and certain psychomotor and intellectual aspects of children, after a prolonged exposure. Trav Hum 47:155–158Google Scholar
  14. Nelson P (1987) Transportation noise. Reference book. Buttherworths, LondonGoogle Scholar
  15. Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (1986) Report “Fighting noise.” OECD Publications, ParisGoogle Scholar
  16. Rabinowitz J (1989) Bruit des avions et performance scolaire. Med Hyg 47:3752–3772Google Scholar
  17. Romero J, Garcia A, Gracía AM (1992) Results of an exploratory study on the effects of environmental noise in Spanish schools. In: International Association Against Noise. Proceedings of the 17th AICB Congress. International Association Against Noise, Prague, p 286Google Scholar
  18. Sargent JW, Gidman MI, Humpreys MA, Utley WA (1980) The disturbance caused to school teachers by noise. J Sound Vib 70:557–572CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Técnicos Especialistas Asociados S.A. (1973) Test de percepión de diferencias. Ediciones TEA, MadridGoogle Scholar
  20. Valencia City Hall (1981) Els nous districts de la ciutat de Valencia. Comissió Munipical per a la Redistribució Territorial i Administrativa. Ajuntament de Valencia, ValenciaGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sofía A. Sanz
    • 1
  • Ana M. García
    • 1
    • 2
  • Amando García
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Preventive Medicine and Public HealthUniversity of ValenciaSpain
  2. 2.Institute of Public Health Studies of ValenciaSpain
  3. 3.Department of Applied PhysicsUniversity of ValenciaSpain

Personalised recommendations