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The role of peroxidase isoenzyme groups of Nicotiana tabacum in hydrogen peroxide formation

Abstract

Three peroxidase isoenzyme-groups found in cell walls of tobacco were tested for their capacity to form H2O2. Isoenzyme-group GI, located only in cell walls (GII and GIII are also found in protoplasts) showed the highest Kapp-value for H2O2-formation. The lowest Kapp-value, i.e., maximal H2O2-formation was received for group GIII which is ionically bound to the cell wall. As shown before, GI yields maximal polymerization rates for coniferyl- and p-coumarylalcohol. These facts indicate that each of the peroxidase isoenzyme groups of the cell wall is involved with different catalytic functions within the same pathways of H2O2-formation and succeeding lignification. H2O2-formation catalyzed by all 3 groups was increased by very low concentrations of Mn2+-ions. The required amount of Mn2+ leading to maximal stimulation was in each case dependent on the basic rate of H2O2-formation. Maximal stimulation of H2O2-formation by phenolic compounds was achieved by coniferylalcohol at a concentration of 10-4M for all groups. Stimulation by p-coumaryl-and by sinapylalcohol was not as significant.

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Mäder, M., Ungemach, J. & Schloß, P. The role of peroxidase isoenzyme groups of Nicotiana tabacum in hydrogen peroxide formation. Planta 147, 467–470 (1980). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00380189

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Key words

  • Hydrogenperoxide
  • Lignification
  • Nicotiana
  • Peroxidase