Advertisement

Oecologia

, Volume 80, Issue 4, pp 566–569 | Cite as

Chiral escape of bark beetles from predators responding to a bark beetle pheromone

  • Kenneth F. Raffa
  • Kier D. Klepzig
Original Papers

Summary

Two species of predatory beetles that locate their prey, Ips pini, by responding to its aggregation pheromone have different chiral preferences to ispdienol than does the herbivore. This suggests that chiral disparity may provide some escape for bark beetles from predation, and that geographic variation in herbivore communication systems may be partially due to predator — imposed selection pressures. These results also suggest ways in which the semiochemical and biological control of North America's most damaging group of forest insects can be improved.

Key words

Kairomones Predation Coevolution Scolytidae Pheromones Chirality 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Amman GD (1984) Mountain pine beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) in three types of infestations. Environ Entomol 13:184–191Google Scholar
  2. Amman GD, Cole WE (1983) Mountain pine beetle dynamics in lodgepole pine forests. Part II. Population dynamics. USDA For Serv Gen Tech Rep INT-145Google Scholar
  3. Bakke A, Kvamme T (1981) Kairomonal response in Thanasimus predators to pheromone components of Ips typographus. J Chem Ecol 7:305–312Google Scholar
  4. Berryman AA (1974) Dynamics of bark beetle populations: towards a general productivity model. Environ Entomol 3:579–585Google Scholar
  5. Billings RF, Cameron RS (1984) Kairomonal responses of Coleoptera Monochamus titillator (Cerambycidae), Thanasimus dubius (Cleridae), and Temnochila virescens (Trogositidae), to behavioral chemicals of southern pine bark beetles (Coleoptera: Scolytidae). Environ Entomol 13:1542–1548Google Scholar
  6. Birch MC (1978) Chemical communication in pine bark beetles. Am Sci 66:409–419Google Scholar
  7. Birch MC, Wood, DM, Browne DL, Silverstein LE, Bergot BJ, Ohloff G, West JR, Young JC (1980) Pheromonal attraction and allomonal interruption of Ips pini in California by the two enantiomers of ipsdienol. J Chem Ecol 6:703–717Google Scholar
  8. Birgersson G, Schlyter F, Lofqvist J, Bergstrom G (1984) Quantitative variation of pheromone components in the spruce bark beetle Ips typographus from different attack phases.J Chem Ecol 10:1029–1055Google Scholar
  9. Birgersson G, Schlyter F, Bergstrom G, Lofqvist J (1988) Individual variation in aggregation pheromone content of the bark beetle, Ips typographus. J Chem Ecol 14:1737–1761Google Scholar
  10. Borden JF (1984) Semiochemical-mediated aggregation and dispersion in Coleoptera. In: Lewis T, (ed) Insect communication. Academic Press, London, pp 123–149Google Scholar
  11. Borden JH, Handley JR, McLean JA, Silverstein RM,Chong L, Slessor KM, Johnston BD, Schuler HR (1980) Enantiomerbased specificity in pheromone communication by two sympatric Gnathotrichus species. J Chem Ecol 6:445–456Google Scholar
  12. Borden JH, Hunt DWA, Mitter DR, Slessor KN (1986) Orientation in forest Coleoptera: an uncertain outcome of responses by individual beetles to variable stimuli. In: Payne TL, Birch MC, Kennedy CEJ, (eds) Mechanisms of insect olfaction. Clarendon Press. Oxford, pp 97–109Google Scholar
  13. Borden JH, Lindgren BS, Chong L(1980) Ethanol and — pinene as synergists for the aggregation pheromones of two Gnathotrichus species. Can J For Res 10:290–292Google Scholar
  14. Brand JM, Bracke JW, Markovetz AJ, Wood DL, Browne LF (1975) Production of verbenol pheromone by a bacterium isolated from bark beetles. Nature 245:136–137Google Scholar
  15. Brand JM, Bracke JW, Britton LN, Markovetz AJ, Barras JS (1976) Bark beetle pheromones:production of verbenone by a mycangial fungus of Dendroctonus frontalis. J Chem Ecol 2:195–199Google Scholar
  16. Collins RD, Carde RT (1985) Variation in and hereditability of aspects of pheromone production in the pink bollworm moth, Pectinophora gossypiella. Ann Entomol Soc Am 78:229–234Google Scholar
  17. Coulson RN (1979)Population dynamics of bark beetles. Annu Rev Entomol 24:417–447Google Scholar
  18. Dahlsten DL, Stephen FM (1974) Natural enemies and insect associates of the mountain pine beetle, Dendroctonus ponderosae (Colcoptera: Scolytidae) in sugar pine. Can Entomol 106:1211–1217Google Scholar
  19. Dickens JC, Payne TL, Ryker LC, Rudinsky JA (1985) Multiple acceptors for pheromonal enantiomers on single olfactory cells in the Douglas-Fir beetle, Dendroctonus pseudotsugae Hopk. (Coleoptera: Scolytidae). J Chem Ecol 11:1359–1370Google Scholar
  20. Dixon WD, Payne TL (1980) Attraction of entomophagous and associate insects of the southern pine beetle to beetle-and host tree-produced volatiles. J G Entomol Soc 15:378–379Google Scholar
  21. Hansen K (1983) Reception of bark beetle pheromone in the predaceous clerid beetle, Thanasimus formicarius (Coleoptera: Cleridae). J Comp Physiol 150A:371–378Google Scholar
  22. Haynes KF, Baker TC (1988) Potential for evolution of resistance to pheronones-Worldwide and local variation in chemical communication system of pink bollworm moth, Pectinophora gossypiella. J Chem Ecol 14:1547–1560Google Scholar
  23. Hughes PR (1973) Dendroctonus: production of pheromones and related compounds in response to host monoterpenes. Z Angew Entomol 73:294–312Google Scholar
  24. Hughes PR (1974) Myrcene: a precursor of pheromones in Ips beetles. J Insect Physiol 20:1271–1275Google Scholar
  25. Hughes PR (1975) Pheromones of Dendroctonus: origin of-pinene oxidation products present in emergent adults. J Insect Physiol 21:687–691Google Scholar
  26. Hunt DWA, Borden JH (1988) Response of mountain pine beetle, Dendroctonus ponderosae Hopkins, and pine engraver, Ips pini (Say), to ipsdienol in southwestern British Columbia. J Chem Ecol 14:277–293Google Scholar
  27. Kohnle U, Vite JP (1984) Bark beetle predators: strategies in the olfactory perception of prey species by clerid and trogositid beetles. Z Angew Entomol 98:504–508Google Scholar
  28. Lanier GN, Classon A, Stewarz T, Piston JJ,Silverstein RM (1980) Ips pini: the basis for interpopulational differences in pheromone biology. J Chem Ecol 6:677–687Google Scholar
  29. Lindgren BS (1983) A multiple funnel trap for scolytid beetles (Coleoptera: Scolytidae). Can Entomol 115:299–302Google Scholar
  30. Miller DR, Borden JH (1989) Evolutionof pheromone communication: variation in quantity and chirality of ipsdienol in male Ips pini (Say). J Chem Ecol 15:233–247Google Scholar
  31. Miller JM, Keen FP (1960) Biology and control of the western pine beetle. USDA Misc Pub 800Google Scholar
  32. Mitton JB, Sturgeon KB, (eds) (1982) Bark beetles in North American forests: a system for the study of evolutionary biology. Univ Texas Press, AustinGoogle Scholar
  33. Mizell RF, Frazier JL (1984) Response of the clerid predator Thanasimus dubius (F) to bark beetle pheromones and tree volatiles in a wind tunnel. J Chem Ecol 10:177–187Google Scholar
  34. Payne TL, Richerson JV, Dickens JC, West JR, Mori K, Berisford CW, Hedden RL, Vite JP, Blum MS (1982) Southern pine beetle: olfactory receptor and behavior discrimination of enantiomers of the attractant pheromone frontalin. J Chem Ecol 8:873–881Google Scholar
  35. Payne TL, Dickens JC, Richerson JV (1984) Insect predatorprey coevolution via enantiomeric specificity in a kairomonepheromone system. J Chem Ecol 10:487–492Google Scholar
  36. Price PW (1981) Semiochemicals in evolutionary time. In: Nordlund DA, Jones RL,Lewis WJ (eds) Semiochemicals: their role in pest control Wiley Press, New York, pp 251–279Google Scholar
  37. Prokopy RJ, Roitberg BN, Averill AL (1984) Resource partitioning. In: Bell WJ, Carde RT (eds) Chemical ecology of insects. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland MA, pp 301–330Google Scholar
  38. Raffa KF, Berryman AA (1983) The role of host plant resistance in the colonization behavior and ecology of bark beetles (Coleoptera: Scolytidae). Ecol Monogr 53:27–49Google Scholar
  39. Raffa KF, Berryman AA (1987) Interacting selective pressures in conifer-bark beetle systems: a basis for reciprocal adaptations. Am Nat 129:234–262Google Scholar
  40. Renwick JAA, Hughes PR (1975) Oxidation of unsaturated cyclic hydrocarbons by Dendroctonus frontalis. Insect Biochem 5:459–463Google Scholar
  41. Rudinsky JA (1962) Ecology of the Scoytidae. Annu Rev Entomol 7:327–348Google Scholar
  42. Schenk JA, Benjamin DM (1969) Notes on the biology of Ips pini in central Wisconsin jack pine forests. Ann Entomol Soc Am 62:480–485Google Scholar
  43. Statistical Analysis Systems Institute Inc (1982) SAS User's guide: statistics. Cary, NCGoogle Scholar
  44. Thatcher RC, Pickard LS (1960) The clerid beetle, Thanasimus dubius, as a predator of the southern pine beetle. J Econ Entomol 59:955–957Google Scholar
  45. Vite JP, Williamson DL (1970) Thanasimus dubius: Prey perception. J Insect Physiol 106:233–239Google Scholar
  46. Vite JP, Ohloff G, Billings RF (1978) Pheromonal chirality and integrity of aggregation response in southern species of the bark beetle, Ips sp. Nature 272:817–818Google Scholar
  47. Wood DL (1982) The role of pheromones, kairomones, and allomones in the host selection and colonization behavior of bark beetles. Annu Rey Entomol 27:411–446Google Scholar
  48. Wood DL, Browne LE, Tilden PE, Silverstein RM, Rodin JO (1968) Response of Ips confusus to synthetic sex pheromones in nature. Science 159:1373–1374Google Scholar
  49. Wood DL, Browne LE, Ewing B, Lindahl K, Bedard WD, Tilden PE, Mori K, Pitman GB, Hughes PR (1976) Western pine beetle: Specificity among enantiomers of male and female components of an attractive pheromone. Science 192:896–898Google Scholar
  50. Wood SL (1982) The bark and ambrosia beetles of North and Central America (Coleoptera: Scolytidae), a taxonomic monograph. Great Basin Nat Mem 6Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kenneth F. Raffa
    • 1
  • Kier D. Klepzig
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Entomology, 345 Russell LaboratoriesUniversity of WisconsinMadisonUSA

Personalised recommendations