Advertisement

Effect of high-intensity endurance training on isokinetic muscle power

  • Izumi Tabata
  • Yoriko Atomi
  • Hiroaki Kanehisa
  • Mitsumasa Miyashita
Article

Summary

The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of high-intensity endurance training on isokinetic muscle power. Six male students majoring in physical-education participated in high intensity endurance training on a cycle ergometer at 90% of maximal oxygen uptake \(\dot V_{O_{2max} }\) for 7 weeks. The duration of the daily exercise session was set so that the energy expenditure equalled 42 kJ · kg−1 of lean body mass. Peak knee extension power was measured at six different speeds (30°, 60°, 120°, 180°, 240°, and 300° · s−1) with an isokinetic dynamometer. After training, \(\dot V_{O_{2max} }\) increased significantly from mean values of 51.2 ml · kg−1 · min−1, SD 6.5 to 56.3 ml · kg−1 · min−1, SD 5.3 (P < 0.05). Isokinetic peak power at the lower test speeds (30°, 60° and 120° · s−1) increased significantly (P < 0.05). However, no significant differences in muscle peak power were found at the faster velocities of 180°, 240°, and 300° · s−1. The percentage improvement was dependent on the initial muscle peak power of each subject and the training stimulus (intensity of cycle ergometer exercise).

Key words

Endurance training Isokinetic muscle power 90% \(\dot V_{O_{2max} }\) 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Atomi Y, Miyashita M (1980) Effect of training intensity in adult females on aerobic power, related to lean body mass. Eur J Appl Physiol 44:109–116Google Scholar
  2. Brozék J, Grande F, Anderson JT, Keys A (1963) Densitometric analysis of body composition: review of some quantitative assumptions. Ann NY Acad Sci 110:113–140Google Scholar
  3. Coyle EF, Firing DC, Rotkis TC, Cote III RW, Roby FB, Willmore JW (1981) Specificity of power improvements through slow and fast isokinetic training. J Appl Physiol Respir Environ Exerc Physiol 51:1437–1442Google Scholar
  4. Gettman LR, Agres JJ, Pollock ML, Jackson A (1978) The effect of circuit weight training on strength, cardiorespiratory function, and body composition of adult men. Med Sci Sport 10:171–176Google Scholar
  5. Goldberg AL, Goodman HM (1969) Relationship between cortisol and muscle work in determining muscle size. J Physiol (London) 200:667–675Google Scholar
  6. Gollnick PD, Armstrong RB, Saubert IV, Piehl K, Saltin B (1972) Enzyme activity and fiber composition in skeletal muscle of untrained and trained men. J Appl Physiol 33:312–319Google Scholar
  7. Gollnick PD, Armstrong RB, Saltin B, Saubert IV CW, Sembrowich WL, Shepherd RE (1973) Effect of training on enzyme activity and fiber composition of human skeletal muscle. J Appl Physiol 34:107–111Google Scholar
  8. Gollnick PD, Piehl K, Saltin B (1974) Selective glycogen depletion pattern in muscle fiber after exercise of varying intensity and at varying pedalling rate. J Physiol (London) 241:45–57Google Scholar
  9. Hakkinen K, Komi PV, Alen M (1985) Effect of explosive type strength training on isometric force- and relaxation-time, electromyographic and muscle fibre characteristics of leg extensor muscle. Acta Physiol Scand 125:587–600Google Scholar
  10. Hakkinen K, Komi V (1986) Training-induced changes in neuromuscular performance under voluntary and reflex conditions. Eur J Appl Physiol 55:147–155Google Scholar
  11. Hettinger T (1966) Isometrisches Muskeltraining. Thieme, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  12. Holloszy JO, Booth FW (1976) Biochemical adaptations to endurance exercise in muscle. Ann Rev Physiol 38:273–295Google Scholar
  13. Ikai M, Fukunaga T (1968) Calculation muscle strength per unit cross-sectional area of human muscle by means of ultrasonic measurement. Int Z Angew Physiol 26:26–32Google Scholar
  14. Kanehisa H, Miyashita M (1983a) Effect of isometric and isokinetic training on static strength and dynamic power. Eur J Appl Physiol 50:365–371Google Scholar
  15. Kanehisa H, Miyashita M (1983b) Specificity of velocity in strength training. Eur J Appl Physiol 52:104–106Google Scholar
  16. Kolmi PV, Viitasalo JT, Rauramaa R, Vihko V (1978) Effect of isometric strength training on mechanical, electrical, and metabolic aspects of muscle function. Eur J Appl Physiol 40:45–55Google Scholar
  17. Lesmes GR, Costill DL, Coyle EF, Fink WJ (1978) Muscle strength and power changes during maximal isokinetic training. Med Sci Sports 10:266–269Google Scholar
  18. Milner-Brown HS, Stein RB, Lee RG (1975) Syncronization of human motor units: possible role of exercise and surgical reflexes. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol 38:245–254Google Scholar
  19. Moffroid MT, Whipple RH (1970) Specificity of speed of exercise. Phys Ther 50:1692–1700Google Scholar
  20. Rasch PJ, Morehouse LE (1957) Effect of static and dynamic exercise on muscular strength and hypertrophy. J Appl Physiol 11:29–34Google Scholar
  21. Sale JK, McDougall D (1981) Specificity in strength training: a review for the coach and athlete. Can J Appl Sport Sci 6:87–92Google Scholar
  22. Sale DG (1988) Neural adaptation to resistance training. Med Sci Sports Exerc 20 [Suppl], S135-S145Google Scholar
  23. Tabata I, Atomi Y, Miyashita M (1989) Bi-phasic change of serum cortisol concentration in the morning during high intensity physical training. Horm Metab Res 21:218–219Google Scholar
  24. Thorstensson A (1976) Muscle strength, fibre types and enzyme activities in man. Acta Physiol Scand [Suppl 443], 1–45Google Scholar
  25. Thorstensson A, Grimby G, Karlsson J (1976) Force-velocity relations and fibre composition in human knee extensor muscles. J Appl Physiol 40:12–16Google Scholar
  26. Vøllestad NK, Blom PCS (1985) Effect of varying exercise intensity on glycogen depletion in human muscle fibres. Acta Physiol Scand 125:395–405Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Izumi Tabata
    • 1
  • Yoriko Atomi
    • 1
  • Hiroaki Kanehisa
    • 1
  • Mitsumasa Miyashita
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory for Exercise Physiology and Biomechanics, Faculty of EducationUniversity of TokyoTokyoJapan

Personalised recommendations