Influence of plant antibiosis through four trophic levels
- Cite this article as:
- Orr, D.B. & Boethel, D.J. Oecologia (1986) 70: 242. doi:10.1007/BF00379247
- 90 Downloads
The effects of an insect herbivore-resistant soybean genotype on relationships between four levels of a trophic system were examined in the laboratory using both greenhouse and field-grown plants. Pre-imaginal development of the predatory pentatomid, Podisus maculiventris (Say), was affected by soybean antibiosis in a manner similar to that of its lepidopteran prey, Pseudoplusia includens (Walker). Pre-imaginal development time was increased, and cumulative weight gain tended to be reduced on both greenhouse and field-grown resistant foliage; although mortality was increased on greenhouse-grown resistant foliage, it appeared unchanged on field-grown foliage. Reproductive capacity of P. maculiventris reared on P. includens larvae that were fed resistant soybean generally was unaffected, although peak progeny production was delayed and extended slightly. Pre-imaginal development and adult emergence of the egg parasitoid Telenomus podisi Ashmead from eggs of P. maculiventris reared on P. includens larvae that were fed resistant soybean were unaffected. However, the overall reproductive capabilities of this parasitoid were reduced. Our results demonstrate that plant antibiosis can influence the biology of organisms over four trophic levels, thus documenting a relationship heretofore undescribed. Determination of the final outcome of the interaction between plant resistance and biological control is difficult. The four trophic level model reported in this study further illustrates the complexity which hinhers a general understanding of these interactions.