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Relationships between bird community and habitat structure in shelterbelts of Hokkaido, Japan

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The relationship between the bird community and habitat structure in wind shelterbelts of Ishikari district was examined.

Breeding birds were classified into nesting guilds (hole, canopy, and bush) and also into foraging guilds (outside, canopy, and bush) Both density and species richness in the outside-foraging guild were positively related to forest age variables. On the other hand, bird density in all three nesting guilds and the other two foraging guilds (canopy and bush) was correlated with the vegetation cover of their nesting or foraging sites, and species richness was positively correlated with tree species complexity variables.

Bird species diversity (BSD) was closely related to tree species complexity, but not to foliage height diversity (FHD) within woods. However, if woods were re-classified into two groups such as natural and artificial and these were separately analysed, the correlation between BSD and FHD was significant.

From these results, it is concluded that both FHD and tree species complexity should be considered together in order to predict BSD within forests. A new index is proposed for this purpose, and its usefulness discussed.

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Hino, T. Relationships between bird community and habitat structure in shelterbelts of Hokkaido, Japan. Oecologia 65, 442–448 (1985).

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  • Japan
  • Tree Species
  • Species Richness
  • Vegetation Cover
  • Species Diversity