It is argued that birth rate, turnover rate and production/biomass ratios (P/B) are equivalent in stable populations. It is then shown from field data on 21 mammal species that production scales as a 2/3 power of body mass, suggesting that size rather than life history characteristics explain most interspecific variation. The relationship simolifies calculations of annual production in populations and energy flow through communities.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
Allen KR (1950) The computation of production in fish populations. New Zealand Sci Rev 8:89–101
Banse K, Mosher S (1980) Adult body mass and annual production/biomass relationships of field populations. Ecol Monogr 50:355–379
Blueweiss L, Fox H, Kudzma V, Nakashima D, Peters R, Sams S (1978) Relationships between body size and some life history parameters. Oecologia (Berlin) 37:257–272
Bobek B (1969) Survival, turnover and production of small rodents in a beech forest. Acta theriol 14:191–210
Duncan A, Klekowski RZ (1975) Parameters of an energy budget. In: Methods for Ecological Bioenergetics IBP Handbook No. 24 Grodzinsky W, Klekowski RZ, Duncan A (eds) Blackwell, Oxford
Farlow JO (1976) A consideration of the trophic dynamics of a late cretaceous large-dinosaur community (Oldman Formation) Ecol 57:841–857
Golley FB, Buechner HK (1969) A Practical Guide to the Study of the Productivity of Large Herbivores IBP Handbook No. 7. Blackwell, Oxford
Gorecki A (1975) Calorimetry in ecological studies. In: Methods for Ecological Bioenergetics IBP Handbook No. 24 Grodzinsky W, Klekowski RZ, Duncan A (eds) Blackwell, Oxford
Grodzinsky W (1975) Energy flow through a vertebrate population. In: Methods for Ecological Bioenergetics IBP Handbook No. 24. Grodzinsky W, Klekowski RZ, Ducan A (eds) Blackwell, Oxford
Grodzinsky W, Gorecki A, Janas K, Migula P (1966) Effects of rodents on the primary productivity of alpine meadows in Bieszczady Mountains. Acta Theriol 11:419–431
Hansson L (1972) Estimation of reproduction and production in small mammals. Small Mammal Newsletter 6:139–155
Humphreys WF (1980) Production and respiration in animal populations. J Anim Ecol 48:427–453
Kleiber M (1961) The Fire of Life-An Introduction to Animal Energetics. J Wiley Sons Inc New York
Lavigne DM (1982) Similarity in energy budgets of animal populations. J Anim Ecol 51:195–206
Lindstedt SL, Calder WA (1981) Body size, physiological time and longevity of homeothermic animals. Quart Rev Biol 56:1–161
McNeill S, Lawton JH (1970) Annual production and respiration in animal populations. Nature 225, 5231:472–474
Millar JS (1977) Adaptive features of mammalian reproduction. Evolution 31:370–386
Petrusewicz K (1966) Production vs turnover of biomass and individuals. Bull Acad Pol Sci Cl II 9:621–625
Petrusewicz K, Macfadyen A (1970) Production of Terrestrial Animals—Principles and Methods IBP Handbook No. 13. Blackwell, Oxford
Phillipson J (1966) Ecological energetics. Edward Arnold, London
Sacher GA (1978) Longevity and ageing in vertebrate evolution. BioScience 28:497–501
Western D (1979) Size, life history and ecology in Mammals. Afr J Ecol 17:185–204
Western D, Ssemakula J (1982) life hitory patterns in birds and mammals and their evolutionary interpretation. Oecologia (Berlin) 54:281–290
Winberg GG (1968) Zarisimost skorosti razvitija ot temperatury. The dependence of the rate of development on temperatures. In: Metody OpredelenijaProduckii Vodnyh Zivotnyh Izd Vysejsaja Skola, Minsk
About this article
Cite this article
Western, D. Production, reproduction and size in mammals. Oecologia 59, 269–271 (1983). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00378847
- Birth Rate
- Life History
- Production Scale
- Field Data
- Turnover Rate