Springer Nature is making Coronavirus research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Non-auditory effects of noise in industry

VII. Evaluation, conclusions and recommendations

  • 59 Accesses

  • 10 Citations


The results of epidemiological studies on non-auditory effects of noise in industry are commented upon. The present state of the art does not permit any definite conclusion to be drawn about the risk of hypertension. Annoyance by noise is widespread; it has many different aspects and it has been studied in detail in this project. Combinations of working conditions should be studied that produce interaction effects overloading psychological or physiological systems. Some examples are given. Standards and guidelines for industrial exposure to noise should also prevent wellknown, non-auditory effects, such as communication problems, which result in social isolation.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Belli S, Sani L, Scarficcia G, Sorrentino R (1984) Arterial hypertension and noise: a crosssectional study. Am J Ind Med 6:59–65

  2. DeJoy DM (1984) A report on the status of research on the cardiovascular effects of noise. Noise Control Eng J 23:32–39

  3. Elsner G (1977) Lärmquellen und Möglichkeiten ihrer Bekämpfung im Urteil von Betriebsräten und Arbeitnehmern. Bundesministerium für Arbeit and Sozialordnung, Bonn

  4. Elsner G, Preiser K (1978) Lärm als Leitbelastung. Zbl Arbeitsmed 28, 3:75–78

  5. Fortuin F, Wijnen D, Keimpema T van (1980) Evaluatie-onderzoek subsidieregeling arbeidsplaatsverbetering. Ministerie van Sociale Zaken, Den Haag

  6. Fouriaud C, Jacquinet-Salord MC, Degoulet P, Aimé F, Lang T, Laprugne J, Main J, Oeconomos J, Phalente J, Prades A (1984) Influence of socioprofessional conditions on blood pressure levels and hypertension control. Am J Epidemiol 120:72–86

  7. Fouriaud C, Jacquinet-Salord MC, Degoulet P, Lang T, Aimé F, Laprugne J, Main J, Oeconomos J, Phalente J, Prades A (1985) Influence des conditions de vie et de travail sur la pression artérielle dans une population de salariés maghrébins de la région parisienne. Arch Mal Prof 46:79–83

  8. ISO/DISD Draft 1996/2 (1983) Description and measurement of environmental noise. Part 2: Acquisition of data pertinent to land use. International Organization for Standardization

  9. Knipschild P (1977a) Medical effects of aircraft noise: community cardiovascular survey. Int Arch Occup Environ Health 40:185–190

  10. Knipschild P (1977b) Medical effects of aircraft noise: general practice survey. Int Arch Occup Environ Health 40:191–196

  11. Knipschild P, Sallé H (1979) Road traffic noise and cardiovascular disease. Int Arch Occup Environ Health 44:55–59

  12. Knipschild P, Meyer H, Sallé H (1984) Wegverkeerslawaai, psychische problematiek en bloeddruk. Tijdschr Soc Gezondheidszorg 62:758–765

  13. Kornhuber HH, Lisson G (1981) Bluthochdruck. Sind Industrie-Stressoren, Lärm oder Akkordarbeit wichtige Ursachen? Dtsch Med Wochenschr 106:1733–1736

  14. Lees R, Smith CS, Wetherall LD (1980) A study of stress indicators in workers exposed to industrial noise. Can J Public Health 71:261–265

  15. Malchaire JB, Mullier M (1979) Occupational exposure to noise and hypertension: a retrospective study. Ann Occup Hyg 22:63–66

  16. Manninen O (1977) Environmental factors and employees' discomfort in three machine industry plants. University Tampere, Finland (Public Health Sciences M32)

  17. Neuss H, Schirmer G, Rüddel H, Schulte W (1980) Zur Reaktion der Fingerpulsamplitude auf Belärmung. Int Arch Occup Environ Health 47:9–19

  18. Smoorenburg GF (1982) De relatie tussen spraakverstaan en toonaudiogram bij slechthorendheid ten gevolge van lawaai en de betekenis van deze relatie voor de toelaatbare geluidexpositie. Nederlands Akoestisch Genootschap, Delft (publ no 62)

  19. Talbott E, Helmkamp J, Matthews K, Kuller L, Cottington E, Redmond G (1985) Occupational noise exposure, noise-induced hearing loss, and the epidemiology of high blood pressure. Am J Epidemiol 121:501–514

  20. Verbeek J, Lademacher D (1985) Extra-auditieve effecten van lawaai: heesheid en stembandafwijkingen bij zweminstructeurs. Tijdschr Soc Gezondheidszorg 63:821–822

  21. Volkholz V (1977) Belastungsschwerpunkte und Praxis der Arbeitssicherheit. Bundesministerium für Arbeit und Sozialordnung, Bonn

  22. Zielhuis RL (1985) Total exposure and workers' health, accepted for publication. Ann Occup Hygiene

Download references

Author information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

van Dijk, F.J.H., Ettema, J.H. & Zielhuis, R.L. Non-auditory effects of noise in industry. Int Arch Occup Environ Health 59, 147–152 (1987).

Download citation

Key words

  • Noise in industry
  • Non-auditory effects
  • Combined exposure
  • Longitudinal design
  • Standards and guidelines