Muscle strength and muscle endurance of middle-aged women and men associated to type, duration and intensity of muscular load at work

  • C. -H. Nygård
  • T. Luopajärvi
  • T. Suurnäkki
  • J. Ilmarinen


Muscle strength and muscle endurance in groups with different occupational muscular load was studied among 60 women and 69 men. The mean age of the subjects was 52.0 ± 3.4 years. Isometric grip and trunk strength were measured on dynamometers, and dynamic muscle endurance by sit-ups. A job analysis was done with the AET method including the assessment of intensity, duration and type of muscular work of each subject. According to the job analysis, the subjects were classified into groups with low or high muscular load at work. The maximal isometric hand grip strength of women with a load classified as long duration of static or dynamic load on the hands at work was 86 and 88%, respectively of the strength of those with a load of short duration. The women with high intensity in static work had a grip strength of 86% of those with low intensity. These differences in strength among women between the high and low load groups were statistically significant (P < 0.05). No other statistically significant differences in muscle strength or muscle endurance between the high and low work load groups were found, although the high work load group had systematically the lowest muscle strength and muscle endurance in almost all comparisons. Muscle strength and muscle endurance was, however, not a discriminating factor between the group classifications of static and dynamic work. The results indicated that the muscle strength and muscle endurance of middle-aged employees was systematically lower among those with high muscular load compared to those with low load at work.

Key words

Muscle strength Job analysis Muscular work load Static and dynamic work 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. -H. Nygård
    • 1
  • T. Luopajärvi
    • 2
  • T. Suurnäkki
    • 3
  • J. Ilmarinen
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysiologyInstitute of Occupational HealthVantaaFinland
  2. 2.Department of Health SciencesUniversity of JyväskyläJyväskyläFinland
  3. 3.Centre for Industrial SafetyHelsinkiFinland

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