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Oecologia

, Volume 67, Issue 1, pp 1–7 | Cite as

Antibiosis/antixenosis in tulip tree and quaking aspen leaves against the polyphagous southern armyworm, Spodoptera eridania

  • S. Manuwoto
  • J. M. Scriber
  • M. T. Hsia
  • P. Sunarjo
Original Papers

Summary

Previous studies have shown leaves of tulip tree, Liriodendron tulipifera L. (of the Magnoliaceae) and of Populus tremuloides Michx. (of the Salicaceae) to be antixenotic/antibiotic to many Lepidoptera, including one of the most polyphagous of all phytophagous insects, the southern armyworm, Spodoptera eridania Cramer (Noctuidae). We investigated the physiological responses to this phytochemical activity on neonate and late instar armyworm larvae in controlled environments with particular emphasis upon the leaf extracts containing condensed tannins and hydrolysable tannins. These tannin-containing extracts of tulip tree leaves and quaking aspen leaves were generally toxic to neonate larvae. For later instars, growth suppression was not due to digestibility-reduction, but instead to suppressed consumption rates and greatly increased metabolic (respiratory) costs as reflected in reduced biomass conversion efficiencies.

Keywords

Biomass Tannin Conversion Efficiency Physiological Response Consumption Rate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Manuwoto
    • 1
  • J. M. Scriber
    • 1
  • M. T. Hsia
    • 1
  • P. Sunarjo
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of EntomologyUniversity of WisconsinMadisonUSA

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