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Cadmium body burden of an occupationally non burdened population in southern Bavaria (FRG)

  • Gustav Drasch
  • Gerold Kauert
  • Ludwig von Meyer
Article

Summary

The cadmium body burden of the occupationally non-burdened population in the southern Bavarian area was estimated from the cadmium concentrations in liver and renal cortex, determined by ET-AAS of 263 autopsy cases. A mean value of 17.9 mg cadmium was calculated for all cases and 21.9 mg cadmium for all adults. The body burdens found do not depend on sex but greatly on smoking habits. Mean values for non-smokers are 13.5 mg, for moderate smokers 22.5 mg and for heavy smokers 33.2 mg. The dependence on age is similar to that of the cadmium concentration in the kidney cortex: an increase up to an age of approximately 50 years and a decrease at higher ages. Between the average value we found and the critical body burden calculated by Roels et al. (1983) is a safety factor of 8 to 10, but in some of our cases of middle-aged, heavy smokers this safety factor drops to a value lower than 1. It is concluded that it seems to be imperative to control the further trend of the cadmium body burden in occupationally non-burdened populations.

Key words

Cadmium Body burden Smoking habits Risk evaluation 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gustav Drasch
    • 1
  • Gerold Kauert
    • 1
  • Ludwig von Meyer
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Rechtsmedizin der Universität MünchenMünchen 50Germany

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