Advertisement

Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Effect of chronic and acute exposure to noise on physiological functions in man

Summary

Physiological parameters have been compared in 75 normal healthy individuals exposed to occupational noise of 88–107 dB (A) (6–8h/day) for 10–15 years and in 36 normal non-exposed subjects. Blood pressure, both systolic (P<0.01) and diastolic (P<0.001), and heart rate (P<0.05) were found to be significantly higher in the exposed subjects. Irregularity in cardiac rhythm, both in amplitude and duration, was found in 18% of the exposed subjects as against 6% in the non-exposed group.

Variation in the heart rate during acute noise exposure of 90 dB (A) has been shown to be related with the preponderance of tonicity of sympathetics and parasympathetics. Measurement of hand blood flow during the same exposure showed a lesser degree of vasoconstriction and a slower recovery rate in the exposed group. Altered observations in the exposed group could be attributed to changes in the mechanical property of blood vessels.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Andrukovich AI (1965) Effect of industrial noise in winding and weaving factories on the arterial pressure in the operators of the machines. Gig Tr Prof Zabol 9:39–42

  2. Anticaglia JR, Cohen A (1970) Extra-auditory effects of noise as a health hazard. Am Ind Hyg Assoc J 31:277–281

  3. Arguelles AE, Martinez MA, Pucciarelli E, Disito MV (1970) Endocrine and metabolic effects of noise in normal, hypertensive and psychotic subjects. In: Welch BL, Welch AS (eds) Physiological effects of noise. Plenum Press, New York, pp 43–55

  4. Davis RC, Berry T (1964) Gastrointestinal reactions to response-contigent stimulation. Psychol Rep 15:95–113

  5. Greenfield ADM, Whitney RJ, Mowbray JP (1963) Methods for the investigation of peripheral blood flow. Br Med Bull 19:101–109

  6. Harris CM (ed) (1979) Handbook of noise control. McGraw Hill, New York, pp 15.5–15.6

  7. Jansen G (1961) Adverse effects of noise on iron and steel workers. Stahl. Eisen 81:217–220

  8. Jansen G, Schulze J (1964) Beispiele von Schlafstörungen durch Geräusche. Klin Wochenschr 3:132–134

  9. Jansen G, (1969) Effects of noise on physiological state. In: Ward WD, Fricke JE (eds) Proceedings of conference on noise as a public heath hazard. Washington DC, American Speech and Hearing Association (Report No. 4), pp 89–98

  10. Jonsson A, Hansson L (1977) Prolonged exposure to a stressful stimulus (noise) as a cause of raised blood pressure in man. Lancet 1:86–87

  11. Miller JD (1971) Efects of noise on people. Washington DC: EPA (Report NTID 300.7)

  12. Manninen O, Aro S (1979) Noise induced hearing loss and blood pressure. Int Arch Occup Environ Health 42:251–256

  13. Mosskov JI, Ettema JH (1977a) Extra-auditory effects in short term exposure to air craft and traffic noise. Int Arch Occup Environ Health 40:165–173

  14. Mosskov JI, Ettema JH (1977b) Extra auditory effects in short term exposure to noise from a textile factory. Int Arch Occup Environ Health 40:174–176

  15. Ogle CM, Lockett MM (1966) The release of neurohypophyseal hormone by sound. J Endocrinol 36:281–290

  16. Shatalov NN, Saitanov AO, Glotova KV (1962) On the state of cardiovascular system under conditions of exposure to continuous noise. Gig Tr Prof Zabol 6:10–14

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to A. P. Singh.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Singh, A.P., Rai, R.M., Bhatia, M.R. et al. Effect of chronic and acute exposure to noise on physiological functions in man. Int. Arch Occup Environ Heath 50, 169–174 (1982). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00378078

Download citation

Key words

  • Noise level
  • Blood pressure
  • Heart rate
  • Chronic noise exposure