Advertisement

Oecologia

, Volume 60, Issue 3, pp 384–389 | Cite as

Compromises between water-use efficiency and nitrogen-use efficiency in five species of California evergreens

  • C. Field
  • J. Merino
  • H. A. Mooney
Original Papers

Summary

In five California evergreen trees and shrubs cooccurring in this study but most common in habitats of different moisture availability, leaf nitrogen was a major determinant of photosynthetic capacity. Within each species, stomatal conductance was highly correlated with photosynthetic capacity, resulting in little variation in the concentration of CO2 in the intercellular spaces. Among species, intercellular CO2 concentrations varied significantly. Under controlled conditions, the leaves that realized the highest photosynthesis per unit of leaf nitrogen tended to realize the lowest photosynthesis per unit of water transpired. The ratio of photosynthesis to transpiration, an instantaneous measure of intrinsic water-use efficiency, was highest in the species commonly found in the direst habitats and lowest in the species most common in the wettes habitats.

Keywords

Nitrogen Photosynthesis Stomatal Conductance Major Determinant Intercellular Space 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bolton JK, Brown RH (1980) Photosynthesis of grass species differing in carbon dioxide fixation pathways V. response of Panicum maximum, Panicum miliodes, and tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea) to nitrogen nutrition. Plant Physiol 66:97–100Google Scholar
  2. Cody ML, Mooney HA (1978) Convergence versus nonconvergence in mediterranean-climate ecosystems. Annu Rev Ecol Syst 9:265–321Google Scholar
  3. Constable GA, Rawson HM (1980) Effect of leaf position, expansion and age on photosynthesis, transpiration and water use efficiency of cotton. Aus J Plant Physiol 7:89–100Google Scholar
  4. Davis SD, McCree KJ (1978) Photosynthetic rate and diffusion conductance as a function of age in leaves of bean plants. Crop Sci 18:280–282Google Scholar
  5. Dunn EL (1975) Environmental stresses and inherent limitations affecting CO2 exchange in evergreen sclerophylls in mediterranean climates. In: Gates DM, Schmerl RB (eds) Perspectives of Biophysical Ecology. Springer, New York, pp 159–181Google Scholar
  6. Dunn EL, Shropshire F, Song L, Mooney HA (1977) The water factor and convergent evolution in mediterranean-type vegetation. In: Lange OL, Kappen L, Schulze E-D (eds) Water and Plant Life: Problems and modern approaches. Springer, Berlin, pp 492–505Google Scholar
  7. Farquhar GD, Sharkey TD (1982) Stomatal conductance and photosynthesis. Annu Rev Plant Physiol 33:317–345Google Scholar
  8. Field C, Mooney HA (1983) Leaf age and seasonal effects on light, water, and nitrogen use efficiency in a California shrub. Oecologia (Berlin) 56:348–355Google Scholar
  9. Field C, Berry JA, Mooney HA (1982) A portable system for measuring carbon dioxide and water vapour exchange of leaves. Plant, Cell Env 5:179–186Google Scholar
  10. Friedrich JW, Huffaker RC (1980) Photosynthesis, leaf resistances, and ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase degradation in senescing barley leaves. Plant Physiol 65:1103–1107Google Scholar
  11. Gulmon SL, Chu CC (1981) The effects of light and nitrogen on photosynthesis, leaf characteristics, and dry matter allocation in the chaparral shrub, Diplacus aurantiacus. Oecologia (Berlin) 49:207–212Google Scholar
  12. Hanes TL (1977) California chaparral. In: Barbour MG, Major J (eds) Terrestrial vegetation of California. John Wiley and Sons, New York, pp 417–470Google Scholar
  13. Isaac RA, Johnson WC (1976) Determination of total nitrogen in plant tissue, using a block digestor. J Assoc Off Analyt Chem 59:98–100Google Scholar
  14. Loveless AR (1962) Further evidence to support a nutritional interpretation of sclerophylly. Ann Bot 26:551–561Google Scholar
  15. Miller PC, Mooney HA (1976) The origin and structure of American arid-zone ecosystems. The producers: interactions between environment, form and function. In: Arnold GW, deWit CT (eds) Critical evaluation of systems analysis in ecosystems research and management. PUDOC, Wageningen, pp 38–59Google Scholar
  16. Mooney HA, Harrison AT, Morrow PA (1975) Environmental limitations of photosynthesis on a California evergreen shrub. Oecologia (Berlin) 19:293–301Google Scholar
  17. Mooney HA, Ferrar PJ, Slatyer RO (1978) Photosynthetic capacity and carbon allocation patterns in diverse growth forms of Eucalyptus. Oecologia (Berlin) 36:103–111Google Scholar
  18. Mooney HA, Field C, Gulmon SL, Bazzaz FA (1981) Photosynthetic capacity in relation to leaf position in desert versus oldfield annuals. Oecologia (Berlin) 50:109–112Google Scholar
  19. Mooney HA, Field C, Gulmon SL, Rundel P, Kruger FJ (1983) Photosynthetic characteristic of South African sclerophylls. Oecologia (Berlin) 58:398–401Google Scholar
  20. Munz PA, Keck DD (1968) A California flora and supplement. Univ of Calif Press, BerkeleyGoogle Scholar
  21. Oechel WC, Lowell W, Jarrell W (1981) Nutrient and environmental controls on carbon flux in mediterranean shrubs from California. In: Margaris NS, Mooney HA (eds) Components of productivity of mediterranean-climate regions: basic and applied aspects. Dr W Junk, The Hague, pp 51–60Google Scholar
  22. Osman AM, Milthorpe FL (1971) Photosynthesis of wheat leaves in relation to age, illuminance, and nutrient supply II. results. Photosynthetica 5:61–70Google Scholar
  23. Pearcy RW, Ehleringer J (1983) Comparative ecophysiology of C3 and C4 plants. Plant, Cell Env (in press)Google Scholar
  24. Wong SC (1979) Elevated atmospheric partial pressure of CO2 and plant growth. I. Interactions of nitrogen nutrition and photosynthetic capacity in C3 and C4 plants. Oecologia (Berlin) 44:68–74Google Scholar
  25. Woolhouse HW (1967) Leaf age and mesophyll resistance as factors in the rate of photosynthesis. Hilger J 11:7–12Google Scholar
  26. Zinke PJ (1977) The redwood forest and associated north coast forests. In: Barbour MG, Major J (eds) Terrestrial vegetation of California. John Wiley and Sons, New York, pp 679–698Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Field
    • 1
  • J. Merino
    • 1
  • H. A. Mooney
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biological SciencesStanford UniversityStanfordUSA

Personalised recommendations