Linkage relationships in the bovine MHC region. High recombination frequency between class II subregions
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- Andersson, L., Lundén, A., Sigurdardottir, S. et al. Immunogenetics (1988) 27: 273. doi:10.1007/BF00376122
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Class II genes of the bovine major histocompatibility complex (MHC) have been investigated by Southern blot analysis using human DNA probes. Previous studies revealed the presence of bovine DOβ, DQα, DQβ, DRαand DRβgenes, and restriction fragment length polymorphisms for each of these genes were documented. In the present study, the presence of three additional class II genes, designated DZα, DYα, and DYβ, are reported. DZαwas assumed to correspond to the human DZαgene while the other two were designated DY because their relationship to human class II genes could not be firmly established. The linkage relationships among bovine class II genes and two additional loci, TCP1B and C4, were investigated by family segregation analysis and analysis of linkage disequilibrium. The results clearly indicated that all these loci belong to the same linkage group. This linkage group is divided into two subregions separated by a fairly high recombination frequency. One region includes the C4, DQα, DQβ, DRαand DRβloci and the other one is composed of the DOβDYα, DYβ, and TCPIB loci. No recombinant was observed within any of these subregions and there was a strong or fairly strong linkage disequilibrium between loci within groups. In contrast, as many as five recombinants among three different families were detected in the interval between these subregions giving a recombination frequency estimate of 0.17 ± 0.07. The fairly high recombination frequency observed between class 11 genes in cattle is strikingly different from the corresponding recombination estimates in man and mouse. The finding implies either a much larger molecular distance between some of the bovine class II genes or alternatively the presence of a recombinational “hot spot” in the bovine class II region.