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Signaling to a B-cell clone by Ek, but not Ak, does not reflect alteration of A k genes

Abstract

The mouse B-cell clone, CH12.LX (Iak, Ly-1+, μ+, δ+), can be induced to differentiate and secrete antibody in an antigen-specific, H-2-restricted manner. Induction requires two signals. One must be provided by the binding of specific antigen to the membrane IgM; the other is delivered by the binding of Ek-specific T-cell hybridomas to the Ek molecules of CH12.LX (Bishop and Haughton 1986). Previous studies demonstrated that Ek-specific monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) could substitute for T cells in delivering the second differentiative signal (Bishop and Haughton 1986). Although CH12.LX cells present Ak to Ak-restricted or alloreactive T-helper cells, neither T cells nor mAbs specific for Ak induce differentiation (Bishop and Haughton 1986). However, since the Akspecifc mAbs tested previously were β-chain-specific and the Ia epitope specificity of the T cells used was unknown, it is possible that the differentiative signal delivered to the CH12.LX class 11 molecule is chain-specific. Here we report the effects of ten additional Iak-specific mAbs upon the differentiation of CH12.LX. In addition, a cl)NA library was prepared from CHI 2.LX cells, clones corresponding to the α and β chains of the Ak molecule were isolated, and their nucleotide sequences were determined. Finally, the Ak and Ek molecules of CH12.LX and H-2k spleen cells were compared by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis to examine possible post-translational differences in the Iak molecules of CH12.LX.

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Correspondence to Gail Abendroth Bishop.

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Bishop, G.A., McMillan, M.S., Haughton, G. et al. Signaling to a B-cell clone by Ek, but not Ak, does not reflect alteration of A k genes. Immunogenetics 28, 184–192 (1988). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00375858

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Keywords

  • Nucleotide
  • Monoclonal Antibody
  • Nucleotide Sequence
  • Spleen Cell
  • Specific Antigen