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Immunogenetics

, Volume 21, Issue 3, pp 235–246 | Cite as

Genes regulating HLA class I antigen expression in T-B lymphoblast hybrids

  • Russell D. Salter
  • David N. Howell
  • Peter Cresswell
Article

Abstract

Regulation of HLA class I and class II antigen expression was studied in hybrids of human T and B lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCL). The T-LCL CEMR.3 expresses no HLA class II antigens. It expresses little total HLA class I antigen and no HLA-B antigens. The B-LCL 721.174 is a radiation-induced variant immunoselected for loss of class II antigen expression. In addition to showing a deletion of all HLA-DR and DQ structural genes, 721.174 expresses no HLA-B antigens and a decreased level of HLA-A antigen compared with the parental cell line. A hybrid of 721.174 and CEMR.3 expresses class II antigens encoded by CEMR.3. Increased expression of HLA class I antigens encoded by both 721.174 and CEMR.3 was also observed. Specifically, the previously undetectable HLA-B5 and HLA-Bw6 antigens encoded by 721.174 and CEMR.3, respectively, were present on the hybrid. Increased expression of the HLA-A2 antigen encoded by 721.174 was also observed. An immunoselected variant of the hybrid lacking both CEMR.3-derived copies of chromosome 6 lost expression of the HLA-B5 antigen encoded by 721.174 and expressed a decreased amount of HLA-A2. From these data, we infer that two complementary trans-acting factors mediate enhanced expression of HLA class I antigens in the hybrid. One of these factors is provided by a gene located on chromosome 6, derived from CEMR.3. The second factor, introduced by 721.174, is the gene previously postulated to induce expression of CEMR.3-encoded class I antigens in hybrids of CEMR.3 with B-LCL.

Keywords

Structural Gene Parental Cell Antigen Expression Lymphoblastoid Cell Line Parental Cell Line 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Russell D. Salter
    • 1
  • David N. Howell
    • 1
  • Peter Cresswell
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of ImmunologyDuke University Medical CenterDurham

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