Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology

, Volume 97, Issue 1, pp 31–42 | Cite as

A Nd and Sr isotopic study of the Ivrea zone, Southern Alps, N-Italy

  • H. Voshage
  • J. C. Hunziker
  • A. W. Hofmann
  • A. Zingg


The Ivrea zone represents a tilted cross section through deep continental crust. Sm-Nd isotopic data for peridotites from Baldissero and Balmuccia and for a suite of gabbros from the mafic formation adjacent to the Balmuccia peridotite provide evidence for an event of partial melting 607±19 Ma ago in an extended mantle source with ɛ 607 Nd =+0.4±0.3. The peridotites are interpreted as the corresponding melt residue, the lower part of the mafic formation as the complementary melts which underwent further differentiation immediately after extraction. The Finero body represents a complex with layers of phlogopite peridotite, hornblende peridotite, and amphibole-rich gabbro. The isotopic signatures fall into two groups: (1) highly radiogenic Nd and low-radiogenic Sr characterize the phlogopite-free, amphibole-rich rocks, whereas (2) low-radiogenic Nd and highly radiogenic Sr is found in ultramafics affected by “phlogopite metasomatism”. Phlogopite metasomatism in the Ivrea zone is dated by a Rb-Sr whole rock isochron yielding 293±13 Ma. It was fed by K-rich fluids which were probably derived from metasediments. The high initial ɛ 293 Nd value of about +7.5 for phlogopite-free samples indicates a high time-integrated Sm/Nd ratio in the Finero protolith 293 Ma ago. Sm-Nd analyses of metapelites from the paragneiss series yield Proterozoic “crustal residence ages” of 1.2 to 1.8 Ga. Internal Sm-Nd isochrons for three garnetiferous rocks show that closure of garnet at temperatures around 600° C or even lower occurred about 250 Ma ago.


Continental Crust Isochron Ivrea Zone Rock Isochron Crustal Residence 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Voshage
    • 1
  • J. C. Hunziker
    • 2
  • A. W. Hofmann
    • 1
  • A. Zingg
    • 3
  1. 1.Max-Planck-Institut für ChemieMainzFederal Republic of Germany
  2. 2.Abteilung für IsotopengeologieUniversität BernBernSwitzerland
  3. 3.Geologisches InstitutUniversität BaselBaselSwitzerland

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