Nitric oxide mediates intestinal hyperaemic responses to intraluminal bile-oleate
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It has long been recognized that intestinal blood flow increases at mealtimes. Mesenteric hyperaemia is also evoked by activation of sensory peptidergic nerves. Our studies explored the possible role of endogenous nitric oxide (NO) in the rat intestinal vasodilator response to luminal instillation of an oleic acid plus bile mixture before and after acute intrajejunal instillation of capsaicin and after chronic pretreatment with capsaicin. In anaesthetized rats we measured jejunal blood flow (BF) with an ultrasonic Doppler flowmeter and systemic arterial pressure (AP) with a pressure transducer. Intestinal perfusion with 80 mM oleic acid in bile increased BF by 98±12%. Instillation of 4 mg of capsaicin into the jejunal lumen initially increased BF by 42±9% but was followed by vasoconstriction. Inhibition of NO synthase with 25 mg/kg i.v. N-nitro-L-arginine (L-NNA) decreased BF by 27±5% and increased AP by 37±11%. After treatment with L-NNA and after acute and chronic administration of capsaicin, the bile-oleate-induced maximal increases in BF above control levels were 42±7%, 65±12%, and 58±8%, respectively. The observed inhibitory effect of L-NNA on the intestinal hyperaemic response to the bile-oleate mixture was reversed by pretreatment with L-arginine (100 mg/kg i.V.). In capsaicin pretreated rats the subsequent bile-oleate-induced hyperaemia was reduced in magnitude but the inhibitory effects of L-NNA were proportionately the same as in animals not receiving capsaicin. These findings support the hypothesis that NO is involved with bile-oleate-induced mesenteric hyperaemia.
Key wordsNitric oxide Intestinal circulation Postprandial hyperaemia Sensory neuropeptides Capsaicin L-NNA
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