Pflügers Archiv

, Volume 429, Issue 5, pp 647–658 | Cite as

Calcium is not involved in the cAMP-mediated stimulation of Cl conductance in the apical membrane of Necturus gallbladder epithelium

  • G. Kottra
Original Article Transport Processes, Metabolism and Endocrinology; Kidney, Gastrointestinal Tract, and Exocrine Glands


The permeability properties of the forskolinstimulated Cl conductance in the apical membrane of Necturus gallbladder epithelium and the possible participation of intracellular Ca2+ in its stimulation have been investigated. The anion selectivity sequence as derived from biionic potential measurements (SCN > I ≈ NO 3 > Br > Cl ≫ ISE) differed from the sequence derived from measurements of apical membrane resistance (NO 3 ≈ Br ≈ Cl > SCN > I ≈ ISE). Accordingly, the conductance was inhibited by SCN and I which, from the potential measurements, appeared to be more permeable than Cl. This finding agrees with observations of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) Cl channel reported recently. However, none of the commonly used Cl channel blockers, such as 5-nitro-2-(3-phenylpropylamino)-benzoic acid (NPPB), 4,4′-diisothiocyanatostilbene-2,2′-disulphonic acid (DIDS), anthracene-9-carboxylic acid (9-AC) and glibenclamide reduced this conductance in Necturus gallbladder. In contrast to the situation in most other epithelia, elevation of intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) by ionomycin stimulated only K+ conductance and not that of Cl in the apical cell membrane. Chelation of intracellular Ca2+ did not prevent the stimulation of Cl conductance by forskolin. This indicates that [Ca2+]i does not have even a permissive role in the cyclic adenosine monophosphate-(cAMP)-mediated stimulation process, as would have been expected if exocytosis was involved. Further evidence against the involvement of exocytosis in the stimulation process came from the observation that the stimulation was not associated with an increase in apical membrane capacitance and was not suppressed by disruption of the cytoskeleton by preincubation of the tissue with cytochalasin D. The data indicate that Necturus gallbladder epithelium contains homologues of the CFTR Cl channel which reside permanently in the apical cell membrane and which can be stimulated by a cAMP-dependent phosphorylation process without involvement of cell Ca2+ or exocytosis.

Key words

Necturus Gallbladder epithelium Apical cell membrane Cl channel cAMP-mediated stimulation Ca2+-mediated stimulation Exocytosis 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Kottra
    • 1
  1. 1.Zentrum der PhysiologieJohann Wolfgang Goethe-UniversitätFrankfurtGermany

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