Marine Biology

, Volume 14, Issue 2, pp 111–119 | Cite as

Hydrobiological notes on the high-salinity waters of the Sinai Peninsula

  • F. D. Por


The Sinai Peninsula is surrounded by high-salinity seas and bordered by saline lagoons. The geologically long-lasting high-saline conditions have resulted in the formation of a metahaline marine fauna in the Red Sea. Metahaline marine elements also inhabit the saline lagoons with salinities up to 60 to 80‰ In open lagoons, beyond these values, a hyperhaline community of marine euryhaline organisms has established itself. Only beyond 100‰ S, or if the lagoon has no open connection with the sea, is this community replaced by hypersaline continental fresh-water elements. These observations are also discussed in the light of possible generalizations.


Marine Fauna Sinai Peninsula Open Connection Marine Element Open Lagoon 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature cited

  1. Ashbel, D.: Bioclimatic atlas of Israel and the near East, 154 pp. Jerusalem: Meteorological Department, Hebrew University of Jerusalem 1950.Google Scholar
  2. Bayly, I. A. E.: The biological classification of aquatic environments with special reference to those of Australia. In: Australian inland waters and their fauna, pp 78–104. Ed. by A. H. Weatherby. Canberra, Australian National University Press 1967.Google Scholar
  3. — and W. D. Williams: Chemical and biological studies on some saline lakes of South-East Australia. Aust. J. mar. Freshwat. Res. 17, 177–228 (1966).Google Scholar
  4. Beadle, L. C.: An ecological survey of some inland saline waters of Algeria. J. Linn. Soc. 41 (278), 218–242 (1943a).Google Scholar
  5. —: Osmotic regulation and the faunas of inland waters. Biol. Rev. 18, 172–183 (1943b).Google Scholar
  6. Bond, R. M.: Investigation of some Hispaniolan lakes (Dr. R. M. Bond's Expedition). II. Hydrology and hydrobiology. Arch. Hydrobiol. 28, 137–161 (1935).Google Scholar
  7. Dahl, E.: Ecological salinity boundaries in poikilohaline waters. Oikos 7, 1–21 (1956).Google Scholar
  8. Day, J. H.: The ecology of South African estuaries. I. A review of estuarine conditions in general. Trans. R. Soc. S. Afr. 33, (1), 53–91 (1951).Google Scholar
  9. Eckstein, Y.: Physiochemical limnology and geology of a meromictic pond on the Red Sea shore. Limnol. Oceanogr. 15 (3), 363–372 (1970).Google Scholar
  10. Gitay, A.: A review of Augeneriella (Polychaeta Sabellidae) and a new species from Northern Sinai. Israel J. Zool. 19, 105–109 (1970)Google Scholar
  11. Gohar, H. A. F.: The place of the Red Sea between the Indian Ocean and the Mediterranean. Istanb. Univ. Fen. Fak. Hidrobiol. (Seri B-2) 47–82 (1954).Google Scholar
  12. Gurney, R.: Report on the Crustacea Copepoda of brinepools Kabret. Trans. zool. Soc. Lond. 22, 173–177 (1927a).Google Scholar
  13. — Report on the Crustacea Copepoda (littoral and semiparasitic). Trans. zool. Soc. Lond. 22, 451–577 (1927b).Google Scholar
  14. Hedgpeth, J. W.: The classification of estuarine and brackish waters and the hydrographic climate. Rep. Comm. Treatise mar. Ecol. Palaeoecol., Wash. 11, 49–54 (1951).Google Scholar
  15. —: The population of hypersaline and relict lagoons. Int. Congr. Zool. (Copenhagen; Hydrobiology) 14, 452–453 (1956).Google Scholar
  16. — Estuaries and lagoons. II. Biological aspects. In: Treatise on marine ecology and paleoecology, Vol. 1 pp 673–749. Ed. by J. W., Hedgpeth. New York: Geological Society of America 1957.Google Scholar
  17. — Some preliminary considerations of the biology of mineral waters. Arch Oceanogr. Limnol. 11 (Suppl.) 110–141 (1958)Google Scholar
  18. — Ecological aspects of the Laguna Madre, a hypersaline estuary. Estuaries, Publs Am. Ass. Advmt Sci. 83, 407–419 (1967).Google Scholar
  19. Hildebrand, H. H.: Estudios biologicos preliminares sobre la Laguna Madre de Tamaulipas. Ciencia, Méx. 17 (7–9), 151–173 (1958).Google Scholar
  20. Kinsman, J. J.: Reef coral tolerance of high temperatures and salinities. Nature, Lond. 202, 1280–1282 (1964).Google Scholar
  21. Klausewitz, W.: Foreword to: Synopsis der Fische des Roten Meeres. Ed. by C. B., Klunzinger. Weinheim: J. Cramer 1964.Google Scholar
  22. — Remarks on the zoogeographical situation of the Mediterranean and the Red Sea. Annali Mus. civ. Stor. nat. Giacoma Doria 77, 323–328 (1968).Google Scholar
  23. Löffler, H.: Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Iranischen Binnengewässer. II. Regional limnologische Studien mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der Crustaceenfauna. Int. Revue ges. Hydrobiol. 46 (3), 309–406 (1961).Google Scholar
  24. Logan, Brian W.: Cryptozoon and associate stromatolites from the recent, Sharks Bay Western Australia. J. Geol. 69 (5), 517–533 (1961).Google Scholar
  25. Luksch, J.: Expedition S.M. Schiff “Pola” in das Rothe Meer, XVIII Physikalische Untersuchungen. Denkschr. Akad. Wiss., Wien 69, (1901).Google Scholar
  26. Lyle, L.: Algae of the Suez Canal. J. Bot., London 68, 327–333 (1930).Google Scholar
  27. Macan, T. T.: Freshwater ecology, Vol. I—X. 388 pp. London: Longmans 1963.Google Scholar
  28. Morcos, A. S.: Die Verteilung des Salzgehaltes im Suez Kanal. Kieler Meeresforsch. 16 (2), 133–154(1960).Google Scholar
  29. — Effect of the Asswan high dam on the current regime in the Suez Canal, Nature, Lond. 214, 901–902 (1967).Google Scholar
  30. — Physical and chemical oceanography of the Red Sea. Oceanogr. mar. Biol. A. Rev. 8, 73–202 (1970).Google Scholar
  31. Omer-Cooper, J.: The Armstrong College Expedition to Siva Oasis (Lybian Desert) 1935, General Report, Proc. Egypt. Acad. Sci. 3, 1–51 (1948).Google Scholar
  32. Pearse, J. S.: Reproductive periodicity of Indo-Pacific invertebrates in the Gulf of Suez. I. The echinoids Prionocidaris baculosa(Lamarck) Lovenia elongata (Gray), Bull. mar. Sci. 19, (2), 323–350 (1969).Google Scholar
  33. Por, F. D.: Un nouveau thermosbenace de la dépression de la Mer Morte. Crustaceana 3, 304–310 (1962).Google Scholar
  34. — Limnology of the heliothermal Solar Lake on the coast of Sinai (Gulf of Elat). Verh. int. Verein. theor. angew. Limnol. 17, 1031–1034 (1969).Google Scholar
  35. — One hundred years of Suez Canal — a century of Lessepsian migration: retrospect and viewpoints. Syst. Zool. 20, 138–159 (1971).Google Scholar
  36. Por, F. D. The invertebrate zoobenthos of the Sirbonian lagoon Sabkhat el Bardawil. Rapp. P.-v. Réun. Commn int. Explor. Scient. Mer Méditerr. (In press, a).Google Scholar
  37. Por, F. D. The benthic copepods of the Sirbonian lagoon (Sabkhat el Bardawil). Cah. Biol. mar. (In press, b).Google Scholar
  38. Remane, A. und E. Schulz: Die Strandzone des Roten Meeres und ihre Tiewelt, Kieler Meeresforsch.20 (Sdbd), 5–17 (1964).Google Scholar
  39. Segerstråle, S. G.: Brackish water classification, a historical survey. Archo Oceanogr. Limnol. 11 (Suppl.), 7–33 (1959).Google Scholar
  40. Sewell, R. B. S.: The free-swimming planktonic Copepoda. Geographical distribution. Scient. Rep. John Murray Exped 8, (3), 317–592 (1948).Google Scholar
  41. Zenkevitch, L.: Biology of the seas of the U.S.S.R., 955 pp. London: Allen & Unwin 1963.Google Scholar
  42. Zernov, S. A.: Allgemeine Hydrobiologie, [German transl., 1958] 676 pp. Berlin: Deutscher Verlag der Wissenschaften 1948.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1972

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. D. Por
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ZoologyThe Hebrew UniversityJerusalemIsrael

Personalised recommendations