Advertisement

Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology

, Volume 32, Issue 1, pp 24–38 | Cite as

An interlaboratory comparison of piston-cylinder pressure calibration using the albite-breakdown reaction

  • W. Johannes
  • P. M. Bell
  • H. K. Mao
  • A. L. Boettcher
  • D. W. Chipman
  • J. F. Hays
  • R. C. Newton
  • F. Seifert
Article

Abstract

The pressure of the reaction albite=jadeite and quartz was measured at 600° C by workers in six geophysical laboratories for the purpose of comparing pressure calibration procedures for the solid-pressure piston-cylinder apparatus. All groups used the same starting mix of crystalline reactant and products and all obtained hydrothermal reversals of the equilibrium. Solid pressure media used included talc, NaCl, boron nitride, pyrophyllite, pyrex glass and crushable ceramic. Various means of calibration were used, including internal standardization by transitions in indicator substances and the piston-in, piston-out bracketing method.

There was agreement among all groups—the average preferred value of 16.3 kilobars at 600° C is enclosed by all of the error brackets assigned by the various investigators. This average preferred value is lower by nearly two kilobars than the often-quoted extrapolation of Birch and LeComte's data (1960). It will be important for both petrology and high-pressure technology to test this result in a very high gas pressure apparatus.

Keywords

Boron Talc Boron Nitride Pyrex Glass Interlaboratory Comparison 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Adams, L. H.: A note on the stability of jadeite. Am. J. Sci. 251, 299–308 (1953).Google Scholar
  2. Bell, P. M., Mao, H. K.: Subsolidus reactions of jadeite (NaAlSi2O6) and albite (NaAlSi3O8). Ann. Rept. of the Director of the Geophys. Lab., Carnegie Inst. of Wash. Yearqook 69, 168–170 (1971).Google Scholar
  3. —, Rooseboom, E. H.: Phase diagram for the system nepheline-quartz. Ann. Rept. of the Director of the Geophys. Lab., Carnegie Inst. Wash. Yearbook 64, 139–141 (1965).Google Scholar
  4. Birch, F., LeComte, P.: Temperature-pressure plane for albite composition. Am. J. of Sci. 258, 209–215 (1960).Google Scholar
  5. Bobrowsky, A.: Pressure alterations through use of solid containers or jackets in high pressure environments. In: High pressure measurement, A. A. Giardini and E. C. Lloyd, eds., p. 172–185. Washington, D. C.: Butterworth 1963.Google Scholar
  6. Boettcher, A. L., Wyllie, P. J.: Melting of granite with excess water to 30 kilobars pressure. J. Geol. 76, 235–244 (1968a).Google Scholar
  7. —: The quartz-coesite transition measured in the presence of a silicate liquid and pistoncylinder calibration. Contr. Mineral. and Petrol. 17, 224–232 (1968b).Google Scholar
  8. —: Jadeite stability measured in the presence of silicate liquids in the system NaAlSiO4-SiO2-H2O. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 32, 999–1012 (1968c).Google Scholar
  9. Boyd, F. R., Bell, P. M., England, J. L., Gilbert, M. C.: Pressure measurement in single-stage apparatus. Ann. Rept. of the Director of the Geophys. Lab., Carnegie Inst. of Wash. Yearbook 65, 410–414 (1967).Google Scholar
  10. —, England, J. L.: Pyrope. Ann. Rept. of the Director of the Geophys. Lab., Carnegie Inst. of Wash. Yearbook 58, 83–87 (1959).Google Scholar
  11. —: Apparatus for phase equilibrium measurements at pressures up to 50 kilobars and temperatures up to 1750° C. J. Geophys. Res. 65, 741–748 (1960).Google Scholar
  12. —: Effect of pressure of the melting points of diopside, CaMgSi2O6, and albite, NaAlSi3O8 in the range up to 50 kilobars. J. Geophys. Res. 68, 311–323 (1963).Google Scholar
  13. Bridgman, P. T.: Polymorphism, principally of the elements up to 50,000 kg/cm2. Phys. Rev. 48, 893–906 (1935).Google Scholar
  14. —: Polymorphic transitions of 35 substances to 50,000 kg/cm2. Proc. Am. Acad. Arts and Sci. 72, 45–136 (1937).Google Scholar
  15. Bridgman, P. W.: Rough compressibilities of fourteen substances to 45,000 kg/cm2. Proc. Am. Acad. Arts and Sci. 72, 207–225 (1938).Google Scholar
  16. —: The measurement of hydrostatic pressure to 30,000 kg/cm2. Proc. Am. Acad. Arts and Sci. 74, 1–10 (1940a).Google Scholar
  17. —: The compression of 46 substances to 50,000 kg/cm2. Proc. Am. Acad. Arts and Sci. 74, 21–51 (1940b).Google Scholar
  18. Clark, S. P.: Effect of pressure on the melting points of eight alkali halides. J. Chem. Phys. 31, 1526–1531 (1959).Google Scholar
  19. Coes, L. Jr.: A new dense crystalline silica. Science 118, 131–132 (1953).Google Scholar
  20. Corll, J. A.: Experimental verification of pressure enhancement by encapsulation. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 2707–2709 (1967).Google Scholar
  21. Green, D. H., Ringwood, A. E.: An experimental investigation of the gabbro to eclogite transformation and its petrological applications. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 31, 767–833 (1967).Google Scholar
  22. Green, T. H., Ringwood, A. E., Major, A.: Friction effects and pressure calibration in a piston-cylinder apparatus at high pressure and temperature. J. Geophys. Res. 71, 3589–3994 (1966).Google Scholar
  23. Haygarth, J. C., Getting, I. C., Kennedy, G. C.: Determination of the pressure of the barium 1–11 transition with a single-stage piston-cylinder apparatus. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 4557–4564 (1967).Google Scholar
  24. Hill, R. E. T., Boettcher, A. L.: Water in the earth's mantle: melting curves of basalt-water and basalt-water-carbon dioxide. Science 167, 980–982 (1970).Google Scholar
  25. Hlabse, T., Kleppa, O. J.: The thermochemistry of jadeite. Am. Mineralogist 53, 1281–1292 (1968).Google Scholar
  26. Jamieson, J. C., Olinger, B.: (in press.) Pressure inhomogeneity—a possible source of error in using internal standards for pressure gauges, in Proceedings of a Symposium on Accurate Characterization of the High Pressure Environment, National Bureau of Standards. Gaithersburg, Maryland.Google Scholar
  27. Johannes, W., Puhan, D.: The calcite-aragonite transition, reinvestigated. Contr. Mineral. and Petrol. 31, 28–38 (1971).Google Scholar
  28. Kelley, K. K., Todd, S. S., Orr, R. L., King, E. G., Bonnicksen, K. R.: Thermodynamic properties of sodium-aluminum and potassium-aluminum silicates. U. S. Bur. Mines Rept. of Invest. 4955 (1953).Google Scholar
  29. Kracek, F. C., Neuvonen, K. J., Burley, G.: Thermochemistry of mineral substances I: A thermodynamic study of jadeite. J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 41, 373–383 (1953).Google Scholar
  30. Kushiro, I., Yoder, H. S.: Anorthite-forsterite and anorthite-enstatite reactions and their bearing on the basalt-eclogite transformation. J. Petrol. 7, 337–362 (1966).Google Scholar
  31. Luedemann, H. D., Kennedy, G. C.: Melting curves of lithium, sodium, potassium and rubidium to 80 kilobars. J. Geophys. Res. 73, 2795–2805 (1968).Google Scholar
  32. Newton, M. S., Kennedy, G. C.: Jadeite, analcite, nepheline and albite at high temperatures and pressures. Am. J. Sci. 266, 728–735 (1968).Google Scholar
  33. Newton, R. C.: The thermal stability of zoisite. J. Geol. 73, 431–441 (1965).Google Scholar
  34. —: Some calc-silicate equilibrium relations. Am. J. Sci. 264, 204–222 (1966).Google Scholar
  35. —, Kennedy, G. C.: Some equilibrium relations in the join CaAl2Si2O8-H2O. J. Geophys. Res. 68, 2967–2983 (1963).Google Scholar
  36. —, Smith, J. V.: Investigations concering the breakdown of albite at depth in the earth. J. of Geol. 75, 268–286 (1967).Google Scholar
  37. Parsons, C. A.: Experiments on carbon at high temperatures and under great pressures, and in contact with other substances. Proc. Royal Soc. 44, 320–323 (1888).Google Scholar
  38. Richardson, S. W., Bell, P. M., Gilbert, C. M.: Kyanite-sillimanite equilibrium between 700° and 1500° C. Am. J. Sci. 266, 513–541 (1968).Google Scholar
  39. Yoder, H. S., Tilley, C. E.: Origin of basalt magmas: An experimental study of natural and synthetic rock systems. J. Petrol. 3, 342–532 (1962).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1971

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. Johannes
    • 1
  • P. M. Bell
    • 2
  • H. K. Mao
    • 2
  • A. L. Boettcher
    • 3
  • D. W. Chipman
    • 4
  • J. F. Hays
    • 4
  • R. C. Newton
    • 5
  • F. Seifert
    • 6
  1. 1.T.U.HannoverDeutschland
  2. 2.Geophysical LaboratoryN.W. Washington
  3. 3.Pennsylvania State UniversityUSA
  4. 4.Harvard UniversityUSA
  5. 5.University of ChicagoUSA
  6. 6.Ruhr-Universität BochumDeutschland

Personalised recommendations