Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology

, Volume 81, Issue 2, pp 88–102 | Cite as

Genetic relations among basic lavas and ultramafic nodules: Evidence from oxygen isotope compositions

  • T. Kurtis Kyser
  • James R. O'Neil
  • Ian S. E. Carmichael
Article

Abstract

δ18O values of unaltered basic lavas range from 4.9 to 8.3 but different types of basalts are usually restricted to narrow and distinct ranges of isotopic composition. The average δ18O values for Hawaiian tholeiites, mid-ocean ridge tholeiites, and alkali basalts are 5.4, 5.7, and 6.2 permil, respectively. Potassic lavas and andesites tend to be more 18O rich with δ18O values between 6.0 and 8.0 permil. The differences among the oxygen isotopic compositions of most of these lavas can be attributed to partial melting of isotopically distinct sources. The oxygen isotope compositions of the sources may be a function of prior melting events which produce 18O-depleted partial melts and 18O-enriched residues as a consequence of relatively large isotopic fractionations that exist at high temperatures. It is proposed that lavas with relatively low δ18O values are derived from primitive, 18O-depleted sources whereas 18O-rich basalts are produced from refractory sources that have already produced partial melts. High temperature fractionations among silicate liquids and coexisting minerals can be used in conjunction with the oxygen isotope compositions of ultramafic nodules to place constraints on the genetic relations between some nodules and different types of basic lavas.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Kurtis Kyser
    • 1
  • James R. O'Neil
    • 2
  • Ian S. E. Carmichael
    • 3
  1. 1.Dept. of Geology and GeophysicsUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA
  2. 2.US Geological Survey MS 18Menlo ParkUSA
  3. 3.Dept. of Geology and GeophysicsUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA

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