Improved mechanical properties in dissimilar Ti-AISI 304L joints
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The effect of low temperature post weld heat treatment on the tensile strength and bend test properties of dissimilar friction welds between titanium and AISI 304L stainless steel joints is investigated. Post weld heat treatment at temperatures less than 873 K has no effect on joint tensile strength properties, but markedly improves bend test properties. The highest bend angle is produced using a post-weld heat treatment at 773 K for 1 h (the Larson-Miller parameter corresponding to this treatment is 15.5×103 K h−1). Low temperature heat treatment improves bend ductility, because stress relaxation occurs with minimal increase in the transition region width at the bondline region. Dissimilar joint bend testing properties decrease markedly when the width of the transition region exceeds 1–2 μm. An explanation for the detrimental effect of thick transition regions at the joint interface region on the mechanical properties of dissimilar joints is proposed. It is suggested that the development of significant triaxial stress due to the constraint imposed by large, needle-shaped intermetallic particles promotes premature joint failure in joints containing thick transition regions.
KeywordsPost Weld Heat Treatment Bend Angle Dissimilar Joint Friction Weld Dissimilar Friction
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