Marine Biology

, Volume 7, Issue 3, pp 255–268 | Cite as

The sulfide system: a new biotic community underneath the oxidized layer of marine sand bottoms

  • T. M. Fenchel
  • R. J. Riedl
Article

Abstract

A complex ecosystem of anaerobic and microaerobic properties underlies the oxidized surface layer of all marine sandy bottoms, with the exception of narrow “high-energy windows”. Investigations made on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean, by T. Fenchel in Danish waters, and by R. Riedl and collaborators mainly in US (North Carolinian) waters; involve quantitative studies of plants, ciliates and invertebrates, measurements of chemical and physical parameters, systematics, physiological and model experiments.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1970

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. M. Fenchel
    • 1
  • R. J. Riedl
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Laboratory of Ecology, Zoological InstituteUniversity of AarhusÅrhus CDenmark
  2. 2.Department of ZoologyUniversity of North CarolinaChapel HillUSA
  3. 3.Institute of Marine SciencesMorehead CityUSA

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