Marine Biology

, Volume 7, Issue 3, pp 239–248 | Cite as

The histology, histochemistry and ultrastructure of the cement apparatus of three adult sessile barnacles, Elminius modestus, Balanus balanoides and Balanus hameri

  • G. Walker


The histology, histochemistry and ultrastructure of the cement gland cells of 3 species of sessile barnacles are described. Cells of both Elminius modestusDarwin and Balanus balanoides (L.) (membranous bases) are similar histologically and ultrastructurally, and within the cells there are 2 distinct regions. One is the site of secretion accumulation, the other the site of secretion synthesis. In Balanus hameriAscanius (calcareous base) the cells are different in that the cytoplasm is more homogeneous. In all 3 species protein is the final secretion product (cement) of the cement cells. The mode of discharge of secretion from the cells differs between the membrane based and calcareous based barnacles. In the former, there is a series of collecting canals within the cytoplasm of the cement cells (intracellular canals) which join with the larger extracellular cement ducts. Secretion passes into the intracellular canals and is moved along to the larger cement ducts, which have an inner chitin lining. In Balanus hameri (calcareous base) there are no intracellular collecting canals. Secretions are thought to pass from the cement cells into the cement duct cells direct. The cement ducts in this species are not chitin lined.


Toluidine Blue Golgi Body Calcareous Base Cement Cell Secretory Vacuole 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1970

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Walker
    • 1
  1. 1.Marine Science LaboratoriesMenai BridgeUK

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