Mechanical properties of sisal fibre at elevated temperatures
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Sisal fibres extracted from the leaves of Agava sisalana plants 3, 5, 7 and 9 years old were tested at different temperatures for tensile strength, elongation, toughness and modulus. The tensile strength, modulus and toughness values of sisal fibre decreased with increase in temperature. The effect of plant age on tensile strength, tensile modulus and toughness of sisal fibre became very much less at 100 °C as compared to 30 °C. Fractured fibres were observed by using a scanning electron microscope. The ends of fibres fractured at elevated temperature showed a failure similar to that of inorganic fibres. Elongation values at all temperatures increased with age. Elongated capillaries were observed in fibres fractured at 80 and 100 °C, due to the removal of moisture and volatiles originally present in the fibres. The fibrils are clearly observed in the form of hollow cylinders. Fractured surfaces are composed of brittle as well as ductile phases. The ductile portion increased with the increase of temperature.
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