Advertisement

Marine Biology

, Volume 10, Issue 2, pp 113–133 | Cite as

Ecology and distribution of the benthic fauna in the shallow waters of the Red Sea

  • L. Fishelson
Article

Abstract

Approximately 500 animal species and plants are listed as being the most typical for the infratidal and shallow subtidal benthic fauna of the Red Sea. Most of them are divided into communities typical for various soft and hard substrata, and at different water depths. The oceanographic conditions and the development of several of the communities are discussed in general terms.

Keywords

Water Depth Shallow Water General Term Animal Species Hard Substratum 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature cited

  1. Adam, W.: Cephalopoda of the Gulf of Aqaba. Sea Fish. Res. Stn Israel 26, 3–26 (1958).Google Scholar
  2. Ascherson, P.: Der nördlichste Fundort der Mangrove in Ägypten. Bot. Ztg 61, p. 235 (1903).Google Scholar
  3. Boschma, H.: The Milleporina and Stylasterina of the Israel South Red Sea Expedition. Bull. Sea Fish. Res. Stn Israel 49, 8–14 (1968).Google Scholar
  4. Carli, A.: Osservazioni sistematiche e biologiche su Ocypode saratan (Forskal, 1775), raccolto sulle coste della Migiurtinia (Spedizione Scortecci, 1953). Natura, Milano 60, 57–79 (1969).Google Scholar
  5. Cherbonnier, G.: Deuxième contribution à l'étude des holothuries de la Mer Rouge collectées par des Israéliens. Bull. Sea Fish. Res. Stn Israel 43, 55–68 (1967).Google Scholar
  6. Clark, A. M.: Echinoderms from the Red Sea, Part 2 (crinoids, ophiuroids, echinoids, and more asteroids). Bull. Sea Fish. Res. Stn. Israel 41, 56–58 (1966).Google Scholar
  7. Clark, E. and K. Schmidt A new species of Trichonotus (Pisces, Trichonotidae) from the Red Sea. Bull. Sea Fish. Res. Stn Israel 42, 29–36 (1966).Google Scholar
  8. Day, J. H.: Some Polychaeta from the Israel South Red Sea Expedition, 1962. Bull. Sea Fish. Res. Stn Israel 38, 15–27 (1965).Google Scholar
  9. Ehrenberg, C. G.: Die Koralltiere des Rothen Meeres, 156 pp. Berlin: Kgl. Akad. Wiss. 1834.Google Scholar
  10. Engel, H. and J. Van Eeken: Red Sea Opisthobranchia from the coast of Israel and Sinai. Bull. Sea Fish. Res. Stn Israel 30, 15–34 (1960).Google Scholar
  11. Fauvel, P.: Contribution à la faune des annélides polychètes des côtes d'Israël. Bull. Sea Fish. Res. Stn Israel 10, 3–12 (1955)Google Scholar
  12. — Sur quelques annélides polychètes du Golfe d'Akaba. Bull. Sea Fish. Res. Stn Israel 13, 3–11 (1957).Google Scholar
  13. — Sur quelques annélides polychètes du Golfe d'Akaba II. Bull. Sea Fish. Res. Stn Israel 16, 15–22 (1958).Google Scholar
  14. Fishelson, L.: Observations and experiments on the Red Sea anemones and their symbiotic fish Amphiprion bicinctus. Bull. Sea Fish. Res. Stn Israel 39, 1–14 (1965).Google Scholar
  15. — Observations on the littoral fauna of Israel, V. On the habitat and behavior of Alpheus frontalis H. Milne Edwards (Decapoda Alpheidae). Crustaceana 1966 (2), 98–104 (1966a).Google Scholar
  16. Spirastrella inconstans Dendy (Porifera) as an ecological niche in the littoral zone of the Dahlak Archipelago (Eritrea). Bull. Sea Fish. Res. Stn Israel 41, 17–25 (1966b).Google Scholar
  17. Marine bíological and oceanographical research in the Red Sea. Final Report to the Office of Naval Research, U.S.A. (mimeographed), 65 pp. Tel-Aviv University 1968.Google Scholar
  18. — Littoral fauna of Red Sea: The population of nonscleractinian anthozoans of shallow waters of the Red Sea (Eilat). Mar. Biol. 6, 106–116 (1970).Google Scholar
  19. — and G. Kidron: Experiments and observations on the histology and mechanism of autotomy and regeneration in Gena varia (Prosobranchia Trochidae). J. exp. Zool. 169, 93–106 (1968).Google Scholar
  20. — et F. Rullier: Quelques annélides polychètes de la Mer Rouge. Israel J. Zool. 18, 49–117 (1969).Google Scholar
  21. Friedman, G. M.: A fossil shoreline reef in the Gulf of Elat (Aquaba). Israel J. Earth Sci. 14, 86–90 (1965).Google Scholar
  22. Heller, C.: Beiträge zur Crustacean-Fauna des Rothes Meers, I. Sber. Akad. Wiss. Wien 43 (1), 297–374 (1861 a)Google Scholar
  23. — Beiträge zur Crustacean-Fauna des Rothes Meers. II. Sber. Akad. Wiss. Wien 44, (1), 241–295 (1861 b).Google Scholar
  24. Holthuis, L. B.: Crustacea Decapoda from the northern Red sea (Gulf of Aqaba and Sinai Peninsula). I. Macrura. Bull. Sea Fish. Res. Stn Israel 17, 1–40 (1958a).Google Scholar
  25. — Crustacea Decapoda from the northern Red Sea (Gulf of Aquba and Sinai Peninsula). II. Hippidea and Brachyura (Dromiacea, Oxystomata and Grapsoidea). Bull. Sea Fish. Res. Stn. Israel 17, 41–54 (1958b).Google Scholar
  26. — The stomatopod Crustacea collected by the 1962 and 1965 Israel South Red Sea Expeditions Israel J. Zool. 16, 1–45 (1967).Google Scholar
  27. — The Palinuridae and Scyllaridae of the Red Sea. Zoöl. Meded., Leiden 42, 282–301 (1968).Google Scholar
  28. Horowitz, A.: The geology of Museri Island (Dahlak Archipelago, Southern Red Sea). Israel J. Earth Sci. 16, 74–83 (1968).Google Scholar
  29. Ingle, R. W.: Crustacea Stomatopoda from the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden. Bull. Sea Fish. Res. Stn Israel 33, 5–69 (1963).Google Scholar
  30. Kohn, A. J.: Conus (Mollusca Gastropoda) collected by the Israel South Red Sea Expedition 1962, with notes on collections from the Gulf of Aqaba and the Sinai Peninsula. Bull. Sea Fish. Res. Stn Israel 38, 54–59 (1965).Google Scholar
  31. Klunzinger, C. B.: Die Korallenthiere des Rothen Meers, I. Die Alcyonarien und Malacodermen, 98 pp.; II. Die Steinkorallen, 88pp.: III. Die Steinkorallen (zweiter Abschnitt). 100 pp. Berlin: Gutman 1877/1879.Google Scholar
  32. Leloup, E.: Amphineures du G. Aqaba et de la Peninsule Sinai. Bull. Sea Fish. Res. Stn Israel 29, 29–55 (1960).Google Scholar
  33. Lěvi, C.: Spongiaires récoltes par l'expédition Israélienne dans le sud de la Mer Rouge en 1962. Bull. Sea Fish. Res. Stn Israel 40, 3–27 (1965).Google Scholar
  34. Lewinsohn, Ch.: Die Anomuren des Roten Meeres (Crustacea, Decapoda: Paguridea, Galatheidea, Hippidea). Zool. Verh., Leiden 104, 1–240 (1969).Google Scholar
  35. — and L. Fisheison: Second Israel South Red Sea Expedition, 1965 (General Report). Israel J. Zool. 16, 59–68 (1967).Google Scholar
  36. Macnae, W.: A general account of the fauna and flora of mangrove swamps and forests in the Indo-West-Pacific region. Adv. mar. Biol. 6, 73–270 (1968).Google Scholar
  37. — and M. Kalk: A natural history of Inhaca Isaland, Mocambique, 163 pp. Johannesburg: Witwatersrand University Press 1958.Google Scholar
  38. Magnus, D. B. E.: Zur Ökologie des Landeinsiedlers Coenobita jousseaumei Bouvier und der Krabbe Ocypode aegiptiaca Gerstackner, am Roten Meer. Zool. Anz. (Suppl.) Verh. dt. zool. Ges. 38, 316–329 (1960).Google Scholar
  39. — Über das “Abweiden” der Flutwasseroberfläche durch den Schlangenstern Ophiocoma scolopendrina (Lam.). Zool. Anz. (Suppl.) Verh. dt. zool. Ges. 26, 471–481 (1962).Google Scholar
  40. Nir, Y.: Geology of Entedebir Island and its recent sediments: Dahlak Archipelago—Southern Red Sea. Israel J. Earth Sci. 21, (In press).Google Scholar
  41. Oren, O. H.: The Israel South Red Sea Expedition. Nature, Lond. 194 (4834), 1134–1137 (1962).Google Scholar
  42. — Hydrography of Dahlak Archipelago (Red Sea). Bull. Sea Fish. Res. St. Israel 35, 3–22 (1964).Google Scholar
  43. Paulson, O.: Studies on Crustacea of Red Sea with notes regarding other seas. Part I. Podophthalmata and Edriophthalmata, 164 pp. Transl. Jerusalem: I.P.S.T. 1975.Google Scholar
  44. Peres, J. M.: Sur une collection d'ascides de la côte Israélienne de la Mer Rouge et de la Péninsule du Sinai. Bull. Sea Dish. Res. Stn Israel 30, 39–47 (1960).Google Scholar
  45. — The Mediterranean benthos. Oceanogr. mar. Biol. Ann. Rev. 5, 449–533 (1967).Google Scholar
  46. — et J. Picard: Manul de bionomie benthique de la Mer Méditerranée. Rec. Trav. Stn. mar. Endoume 23, 5–122 (1958).Google Scholar
  47. Pichon, M.: Note sur la faune des substrats sablo-vaseux infralittoraux de la Baie d'Ambro côte nordouest de Madagascar. Cah. Orstom (Ser. océanogr.). 4, 79–94 (1966).Google Scholar
  48. — Contribution à l'étude des pouplements de la zone intertidale sur sables fins et sables vaseux non fixés dans la région de Tulear. Annls. Fac. Sci. Univ. Madagascar. 5, 171–214 (1967).Google Scholar
  49. Por, F. D.: Level bottom Harpacticoida (Crustacea, Copepoda) from Elat (Red Sea) Part I. Israel J. Zool. 16, 101–165 (1967).Google Scholar
  50. — and R. Lerner-Seggev: Preliminary data about the benthic fauna of the Gulf of Elat (Aqaba). Israel J. Zool. 15, 38–50 (1966).Google Scholar
  51. Ruffo, S.: Contributo alla conoscenza degle Anfipodi del Mar Rosso (Materiali raccolti a Ghardaqa e nel Golfo di Aqaba). Bull. Sea Fish. Res. Stn Israel 20, 11–36 (1959).Google Scholar
  52. — Terzo contributo alla conoscenza degle Anfipodi del Mar Rosso. Memoire Mus. civ. Stor. nat. Verona 17, 1–77 (1969).Google Scholar
  53. Rüppell, E.: Neue wirbellose Thiere des Rothen Meers.—Atlas zu der Reise im nördlichen Afrika, 50 s., 12 Taf. (gemeinsam mit F. S. Leukart). Frankfurt am Main: 1828/1830.Google Scholar
  54. Safriel, U. and Y. Lipkin: Note on the intertidal zonation of the rocky shores at Eilat (Red Sea, Israel). Israel J. Zool. 13, 187–190 (1964).Google Scholar
  55. Steinitz, H.: On the occurrence of Asymmetron in the Gulf of Eylath (Aqaba). Bull. Sea Fish. Res. Stn Irsael 30, (1962).Google Scholar
  56. — A tentative list of immigrants via the Suez Canal. Israel J. Zool. 16, 166–169 (1968).Google Scholar
  57. Stephen, A. C.: Echiura and Sipuncula from the Israel South Red Sea Expedition. Bull. Sea Fish. Res. Stn Israel 40, 79–83 (1965).Google Scholar
  58. Thomassin, B.: Peuplements de deux biotopes de sables coralliens sur le grand récif de Tulear, sudouest de Madagascar. Recl Trav. Stn mar. Endoume (Fasc. hors série Suppl.) 9, 59–133 (1969).Google Scholar
  59. Tortonese, E.: Echinoderms from the Red Sea. Bull. Sea Fish. Res. Stn Israel 29, 17–22 (1960).Google Scholar
  60. Verseveldt, J.: Report on the Octocorallia (Stolonifera and Alcyonacea) of the Israel South Red Sea Expedition, 1962, with notes on other collections from the Red Sea. Bull. Sea Fish. Res. Stn Israel 40, 28–48 (1965).Google Scholar
  61. Vervoort, W.: The Hydroida and Chondrophora of the Israeli South Red Sea Expedition, 1962. Bull. Sea Fish. Res. Stn Israel 43, 18–54 (1967).Google Scholar
  62. Wesenberg-Lund, E.: Sipunculoidea and Echiuroidea from the Red Sea. Bull. Sea Fish. Res. Stn Israel 13,1–14 (1957).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1971

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Fishelson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ZoologyTel-Aviv UniversityTel-AvivIsrael

Personalised recommendations