Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 30, Issue 1, pp 185–195 | Cite as

Corrosion of aluminium nitride substrates in acid, alkaline solutions and water

  • Chung -Daw Young
  • Jenq -Gong Duh


Aluminium nitride substrates were immersed in acid, basic solutions and deionized water for 1–120 h at room temperature. The corrosion rates are higher in basic solutions (NaOH and KOH) than those in acid solutions (CH3COOH, HCOOH, HNO3, HCl and H2SO4) and deionized water. The weight loss of AIN corroded in alkali aqueous reaches 70% and results in an increase in surface roughness ranging from 10 nm to 7 μm after 3 days corrosion. However, the weight loss in acid solution is only 1/700 of the alkali case. Violent chemical reactions between AIN and basic solutions were observed. Na2O, or Na2Al2O4·6H2O, is the intermediate product, and NaOH is a catalytic agent of the reaction. The surface morphology of the AIN etched by alkaline solutions is coral-like in microscopic view and appears like hills. In contrast, only several atomic layers of AIN surface are etched off in acid solutions and in deionized water. The lightly etched surface is mirror-like and flat, and the shapes of the grains are visible under the microscope, as the corrosion rate of each AIN grain varies with different crystal orientations. Consequently, after etching in acid solutions, the resulting microscopic surface morphology looks like a map of a jigsaw puzzle.


Surface Roughness Acid Solution Surface Morphology Corrosion Rate Alkaline Solution 
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Copyright information

© Chapman & Hall 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chung -Daw Young
    • 1
  • Jenq -Gong Duh
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringNational Tsing Hua UniversityHsinchuTaiwan

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