Marine Biology

, Volume 9, Issue 1, pp 9–25 | Cite as

The culture and maintenance of the loliginid squids Sepioteuthis sepioidea and Doryteuthis plei

  • E. T. LaRoe


A technique for rearing the loliginid squids Sepioteuthis sepioidea and Doryteuthis plei is reported. Specimens of the former were reared from eggs to sexually mature adults, and maintained for a maximum of 146 days; adult D. plei were maintained for 38 days. Choice and quantity of food was most important for the survival of all sizes, particularly young squid. Newly hatched specimens thrived on Mysidium columbiae. Both species fed at a rate of 30 to 60% of their body weight daily; starvation occurred when intake fell below 10 to 15%. Food conversion efficiency averaged between 10 to 20%. Growth was rapid and steady. S. sepioidea grew to a maximum of 105 mm and 77 g in less than 5 months; D. plei grew an estimated 20 mm/month. Experimental data indicate a lethal minimum salinity for both species at about 27‰. Lethal minimum and maximum temperatures for young S. sepioidea are 17.5° to 18.0°C, and 32.5° to 33.0°C, respectively. Young consume 0.64μl O2/mg wet weight/h. Opaque tanks, with a semi-natural bottom substrate and special ultra-violet (UV) illumination, are advantageous for rearing and maintenance.


Experimental Data Body Weight Conversion Efficiency Mature Adult Bottom Substrate 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1971

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. T. LaRoe
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Marine and Atmospheric SciencesUniversity of MiamiMiamiUSA

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