Applied Physics B

, Volume 55, Issue 1, pp 35–40

Description of a Doppler rayleigh LIDAR for measuring winds in the middle atmosphere

  • A. Garnier
  • M. L. Chanin
LIDAR Monitoring Of The Atmosphere — Recent Developments


The possibility to measure winds in the middle atmosphere with a Doppler LIDAR was demonstrated in 1989. It has been used since then to study the wave-mean flow interaction, in association with the Rayleigh LIDAR providing density and temperature and their fluctuations. The Doppler LIDAR relies on Rayleigh scattering from air molecules and was originally designed to cover the height range 25–60 km, a region where radars cannot operate. The Doppler shift of the backscattered echo is measured by inter-comparing the signal detected through each of two narrow band-passes of a single dual Fabry-Perot interferometer tuned to either side of the emitted laser line. Its extension to lower altitudes where Mie scattering is present is under study.


42.68.Wt 94.10.Jd 93.85.+q 93.30.Ge 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    A. Hauchecorne, M.L. Chanin, P. Keckhut, D. Nedeljkovic: LIDAR Monitoring of the Temperature in the Middle and Lower Atmosphere. Appl. Phys. B 55, 29–34 (1992)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    M.L. Chanin, A. Garnier, A. Hauchecorne, J. Porteneuve: A Doppler LIDAR for measuring winds in the middle atmosphere. Geophys. Res. Let. 16, 1273–1276 (1989)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    A. Hauchecorne, M.L. Chanin: Density and temperature profiles obtained by LIDAR between 35 and 70 km. Geophys. Res. Lett. 7, 565–568 (1980)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    A. Garnier: Etude, développement et premiers résultats d'un nouveau LIDAR Doppler destiné à la mesure des vents dans la moyenne atmosphère. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Paris (1990)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    A. Garnier, M.L. Chanin, A. Hauchecorne, J. Porteneuve: US licence no. 542 961 (1990)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    M.L. Chanin, A. Hauchecorne: LIDAR studies of temperature and density using Rayleigh scattering. Handbook for Middle Atmosphere Program 13, 87–98 (1984)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    N. Gonzalez, A. Hauchecorne, F.J. Lübken, M. Mourier, F.J. Schmidlin: First wind comparisons between balloon, falling sphere, and Doppler LIDAR measurements during DYANA. Paper presented at XVI European General Assembly (Wiesbaden 1991)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Garnier
    • 1
  • M. L. Chanin
    • 1
  1. 1.Service d'Aéronomie du C.N.R.S./S.E.S.O.Verrières le BuissonFrance

Personalised recommendations