Applied Physics B

, Volume 55, Issue 1, pp 18–28 | Cite as

Combined raman elastic-backscatter LIDAR for vertical profiling of moisture, aerosol extinction, backscatter, and LIDAR ratio

  • A. Ansmann
  • M. Riebesell
  • U. Wandinger
  • C. Weitkamp
  • E. Voss
  • W. Lahmann
  • W. Michaelis
LIDAR Monitoring Of The Atmosphere — Recent Developments

Abstract

A combined Raman elastic-backscatter lidar has been developed. A XeCl excimer laser is used as the radiation source. Inelastic Raman backscatter signals are spectrally separated from the elastic signal with a filter or grating polychromator. Raman channels can be chosen to register signals from CO2, O2, N2, and H2O. Algorithms for the calculation of the water-vapor mixing ratio from the Raman signals and the particle extinction and backscatter coefficients from both elastic and inelastic backscatter signals are given. Nighttime measurements of the vertical humidity distribution up to the tropopause and of particle extinction, backscatter, and lidar ratio profiles in the boundary layer, in high-altitude water and ice clouds, and in the stratospheric aerosol layer are presented. Daytime boundary-layer measurements of moisture and particle extinction are made possible by the improved daylight suppression of the grating polychromator. Test measurements of the CO2 mixing ratio indicate the problems for the Raman lidar technique in monitoring other trace gases than water vapor.

PACS

42.68.Rp 93.85.+q 94.10.Gb 92.60.Jq 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    S.H. Melfi, J.D. Lawrence, M.P. McCormick: Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 295–297 (1969)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    J. Cooney: J. Appl. Meteorol. 9, 182–184 (1970)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    R.G. Strauch, V.E. Derr, R.E. Cupp: Remote Sensing Environ. 2, 101–108 (1972)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    J.C. Pourny, D. Renaut, A. Orszag: Appl. Opt. 18, 1141–1148 (1979)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    D. Renaut, J.C. Pourny, R. Capitini: Opt. Lett. 5, 233–235 (1980)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    J. Cooney, K. Petri, A. Salik: Appl. Opt. 24, 104–108 (1985)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    D. Renaut, R. Capitini: J. Atm. Ocean. Tech. 5, 585–601 (1988)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    G. Vaughan, D.P. Wareing, L. Thomas, V. Mitev: Q.J.R. Meterol. Soc. 114, 1471–1484 (1988)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    M. Riebesell: Ph.D. Thesis, Fachbereich Physik, Universität Hamburg (1990); GKSS report 90/E/13 (1990)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    R.M. Schotland: J. Appl. Meteorol. 13, 71–77 (1974)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    E.V. Browell, T.D. Wilkerson, T.J. McIlrath: Appl. Opt. 18, 3474–3483 (1979)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    G. Mégie, R.T. Menzies: Appl. Opt. 19, 1173–1183 (1980)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    C. Werner, H. Herrmann: J. Appl. Meteorol. 20, 476–481 (1981)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    C. Cahen, G. Mégie: J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 25, 151–157 (1981)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    C. Cahen, G. Mégie, P. Flamant: J. Appl. Meteorol. 21, 1506–1515 (1982)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    V.V. Zuev, V.E. Zuev, Yu.S. Makushkin, V.N. Marichev, A.A. Mitsel: Appl. Opt. 22, 3733–3764 (1983)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    A. Ansmann, J. Bosenberg [sic]: Appl. Opt. 26, 3026–3032 (1987)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    J. Bösenberg: MPI report no. 71 (Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie, Hamburg, Germany 1991)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    J.D. Klett: Appl. Opt. 20, 211–220 (1981)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    F.G. Fernald: Appl. Opt. 23, 652–653 (1984)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Y. Sasano, E.V. Browell, S. Ismail: Appl. Opt. 24, 3929–3932 (1985)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    E. Voß: Diploma Thesis, Fachbereich Physik, Universität Hamburg (1987); GKSS report 87/E/20 (1987)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    U. Wandinger: Diploma Thesis, Fachbereich Physik, Universität Hamburg (1990); GKSS report 90/E/48 (1990)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    H.C. van de Hulst: Light Scattering by Small Particles (Dover Publications, New York 1981)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    A. Ansmann, M. Riebesell, U. Wandinger, C. Weitkamp, W. Michaelis: Proc. 15th Intern. Laser Radar Conf. Part I (Tomsk, USSR 1990) pp. 256–259Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    A. Ansmann, M. Riebesell, C. Weitkamp: Opt. Lett. 15, 746–748 (1990)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    A. Ansmann, M. Riebesell, U. Wandinger, C. Weitkamp, W. Michaelis: Appl. Opt. (submitted for publication)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    A. Ansmann, M. Riebesell, U. Wandinger, C. Weitkamp, W. Michaelis: In Optical Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere. Optical Society of America. Summaries of papers presented at the Optical Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere Topical Meeting, Williamsburg, VA, pp. 206–208 (1991)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    J. Cooney, J. Orr, C. Tomasetti: Nature 224, 1098–1099 (1969)Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    S.H. Melfi: Appl. Opt. 11, 1605–1610 (1972)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    A. Papayannis, G. Ancellet, J. Pelon, G. Mégie: Appl. Opt. 29, 467–476 (1990)Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    W.G. Driscoll (Ed.): Handbook of Optics (McGraw-Hill, New York 1978) pp. 14-1–14-64Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    H. Claude: Private communicationGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    K.O.L.F. Jayaweera, B.J. Mason: J. Fluid. Mech. 22, 709–720 (1965)Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Y. Takano, K.N. Liou: J. Atoms. Sci 46, 3–19 (1989)Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    R.G. Pinnick, S.G. Jennings, P. Chylek, C. Ham, W.T. Grandy: J. Geophys. Res. 88, 6787–6796 (1983)Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    R.H. Dubinsky, A.I. Carswell, S.R. Pal: Appl. Opt. 24, 1614–1621 (1983).Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    B.T.N. Evans: Appl. Opt. 27, 3299–3305 (1988)Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    H. Jäger, D. Hofmann: Appl. Opt. 30, 127–138 (1991)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Ansmann
    • 1
  • M. Riebesell
    • 1
  • U. Wandinger
    • 1
  • C. Weitkamp
    • 1
  • E. Voss
    • 1
  • W. Lahmann
    • 1
  • W. Michaelis
    • 1
  1. 1.GKSS-Forschungszentrum Geesthacht GmbHGeesthachtFed. Rep. Germany

Personalised recommendations