Dynamics of C60+ surface impact: Rolling, deformation, disintegration, and deposition on HOPG graphite
Cluster surface collisions of C+60 (Buckminsterfullerene) ions with pyrolytic graphite are studied by time of flight mass spectroscopy in the energy range of 100 eV to 1500 eV at oblique angles of incidence extending our previous studies with steep angles of incidence. Analysis of the velocity dependence of the scattered cluster ions reveals that the normal and tangential component of the ion velocity have different significance for the collision dynamics. The tangential component is partially transformed into rotational energy of the C+60 during the interaction with the surface as may be explained by an intuitive and astonishingly simple rolling ball model. In contrast, the normal component of the velocity appears to determine the amount of energy transferred into vibrational and deformational energy of projectile and target. At high “normal energies” the C+60 disintegrate significantly and can also be partially deposited onto the surface.
PACS36.40 61.80.L 79.20.N
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