Advertisement

Oecologia

, Volume 45, Issue 1, pp 35–38 | Cite as

Habitat selection of larval brook lampreys (Lampetra planeri, Bloch) in a South Swedish stream

  • B. Malmqvist
Article

Summary

The burrowing larvae of the brook lamprey Lampetra planeri (Bloch) were shown by discriminant analysis to inhabit stream sites having certain qualities. Although a few larvae occurred in far-from-optimal habitats, most larvae selected those with low current velocity, low water depth, a low number of particles in the 0.5–1 mm range, and with low chlorophyll α content. Other factors normally positively attributed to larval lamprey distribution such as organic content, shade, and presence of algae did not improve the discriminant model. The last factor even showed a negative correlation. Stream bed stability was considered to be of great importance although it was not possible to estimate quantitatively.

Keywords

Chlorophyll Negative Correlation Water Depth Discriminant Analysis Current Velocity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Applegate, V.C.: Natural history of the sea lamprey, Petromyzon marinus, in Michigan. Spec. scient. Rep. U.S. Fish Wildl. Serv. No. 55, 1–237 (1950)Google Scholar
  2. Baxter, E.W.: Studies on the biology of lampreys. Thesis, University of London. (1954)Google Scholar
  3. Baxter, E.W.: Lamprey distribution in streams and rivers. Nature 180, 1145 (1957)Google Scholar
  4. Churchill, W.S.: The brook lamprey in the Brule River. Trans. Wisc. Acad. Sci. Arts Lett. 37, 337–346 (1945)Google Scholar
  5. Cummins, K.W.: An evaluation of some techniques for the collection and analysis of benthic samples with a special emphasis on lotic waters. Amer. Midl. Nat. 67, 477–504 (1962)Google Scholar
  6. Enequist, P.: Das Bachneunauge als ökologische Modifikation des Flussneunauges. Über die Fluss- und Bachneunaugen Schwedens. Arkiv för zoologi 29A, 1–22 (1937)Google Scholar
  7. Eriksen, C.H.: The relation of oxygen consumption to substrate particle size in two burrowing mayflies. J. Exp. Biol. 40, 447–453 (1963)Google Scholar
  8. Green, R.H.: A multivariate statistical approach to the Hutchinsonian niche: Bivalve molluscs of central Canada. Ecology 52, 543–556 (1971)Google Scholar
  9. Hardisty, M.W.: The life history and growth of the brook lamprey (Lampetra planeri). J. Anim. Ecol. 13, 110–122 (1944)Google Scholar
  10. Hardisty, M.W., Potter, I.C.: The behaviour, ecology and growth of larval lampreys. In: The biology of lampreys, Vol. 1 (M.W. Hardisty and I.C. Potter, eds) pp. 85–125. London-New York: Academic Press 1971Google Scholar
  11. Lorenzen, C.J.: Determination of chlorphyll and phaeopigments: Spectrophotometric equations. Limnol. Oceanogr. 12, 343–346 (1967)Google Scholar
  12. Malmqvist, B., Nilsson, L.M., Svensson, B.S.: Dynamics of detritus in a small stream in southern Sweden and its influence on the distribution of the bottom animal communities. Oikos 31, 3–16 (1978)Google Scholar
  13. Manion, P.J., McLain, A.L.: Biology of larval sea lampreys (Petromyzon marinus) of the 1960 year class, isolated in the Big Garlic River, Michigan, 1960–65. Gt Lakes Fish. Commn. Tech. Rpt. No. 16. 35 pp. (1971)Google Scholar
  14. Nie, N.H., Hull, C.H., Jenkins, J.G., Steinbrenner, K., Brent, D.H.: Statistical package for the social sciences. Second edition. New York-London: McGraw-Hill 1975Google Scholar
  15. Potter, I.C.: The life cycle and ecology of Australian lampreys of the genus Mordacia. J. Zool. Lond. 161, 487–511 (1970)Google Scholar
  16. Potter, I.C., Hill, B.J., Gentleman, S.: Survival and behaviour of ammocoetes at low oxygen tensions. J. Exp. Biol. 53, 59–73 (1970)Google Scholar
  17. Schroll, F.: Zur Ernährungsbiologie der Steirischen Ammocöten Lampetra planeri und Eudontomyzon danfordi. Int. Rev. Ges. Hydrobiologie. 44, 395–429 (1959)Google Scholar
  18. Schwoerbel, J.: Methoden der Hydrobiologie. Stuttgart: Franckh'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung 1966Google Scholar
  19. Sterba, G.: Die Neunaugen (Petromyzonidae). In: Handbuch der Binnenfischerei Mitteleuropas, Vol. 3 (R. Demoll, H.N. Maier, eds.), pp. 263–352. E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung 1962Google Scholar
  20. Thomas, M.L.H.: Observations on ecology of ammocoetes Petromyzon marinus L. and Entosphenus lamottei (Le Sueur). Thesis, University of Toronto, Canada. (1962)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Malmqvist
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Animal EcologyUniversity of LundLundSweden

Personalised recommendations