Oecologia

, Volume 43, Issue 1, pp 111–119

Suitability, digestibility and assimilation of various host plants of the gypsy moth Lymantria dispar L.

  • Pedro Barbosa
  • Jane Greenblatt
Article

Summary

The development and survival of gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar) larvae is strongly influenced by the host plant upon which they feed. The most rapid development and largest pupae were produced from grey birch fed larvae. Beech and maple-fed larvae produced the smallest pupae while maple-fed larvae exhibited prolonged development. White and red oak-fed larvae exhibited development and pupal weights intermediate between the above two groups. The approximate digestibility (AD) and efficiencies of conversion of food (ECD and ECI) were generally highest among grey birchfed individuals. The utilization of the relatively closely related oak species, as reflected in AD and ECD values, differed.

Leaves were examined for 14 elements. The content of each element varied among host plant species and over time. For example, nitrogen levels were highest in grey-birch and dropped over time in all host plants.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Association of Official Analytical Chemists (AOAC). Official Methods of Analysis. 12th ed. p. 15 (2.049). AOAC Washington, D.C. (1975)Google Scholar
  2. Barbosa, P., Capinera, J.L.: The influence of food types in the developmental structure of laboratory populations of the Gyspy Moth, Porthetria dispar (L.). Can. J. Zool. 55, 1424–1429 (1977)Google Scholar
  3. Barbosa, P., Cranshaw, W., Harrington, E.: Host plant preferences and the induction of preference in larval gypsy moths, Lymantria dispar. Entomol. Exp. et Appl. (in press).Google Scholar
  4. Capinera, J.L., Barbosa, P.: Influence of natural diets and density on gypsy moth egg mass characteristics. Can. Entomol. 109, 1313–1318 (1977)Google Scholar
  5. Christensen, R.E., Beckman, R.M., Bridsall, J.J.: Some mineral elements of commercial spices and herbs as determined by direct reading emission spectroscopy. J. A.O.A.C. 51, 1003–1009 (1968)Google Scholar
  6. Clement, G.E., Munro, W.: Control of the gypsy moth by forest management, U.S. Bur. Ent. Bull. 484, 54 pp. (1917)Google Scholar
  7. Dadd, R.H.: Arthropod Nutrition. Chemical Zoology V. Arthropoda Part A (Florkin, M. and Scheer, B.T. eds.), pp. 35–95. New York: Academic Press 1970Google Scholar
  8. Doskotch, R.W., Odell, T.M., Godwin, P.A.: Feeding responses of gypsy moth larvae, Lymantria dispar to extracts of plant leaves. Environ. Entomol. 6, 563–568 (1977)Google Scholar
  9. Hough, J.A., Pimentel, D.: Influence of host foliage on development, survival and fecundity of the gypsy moth. Environ. Ent. 7, 97–102 (1978)Google Scholar
  10. Leonard, D.E.: Recent development in ecology and control of the gypsy moth. Ann. Rev. Ent. 19, 197–229 (1974)Google Scholar
  11. Maxwell, F.G.: Host plant resistance to insects — Nutritional and pest management relationships. In. Insect and Mite Nutrition. (Rodriquez, J.G. ed.), pp. 599–609. Amsterdam: North Holland Pub. Co. 1972Google Scholar
  12. Mosher, F.H.: Food plants of the gypsy moth in America. USDA Bull. No. 250, 39 p. (1915)Google Scholar
  13. Mosher, F.G., Webber, R.T.: The relation of variation in the number of larval stages to sex development in the gipsy moth (sic). J. Econ. Ent. 7, 368–373 (1914)Google Scholar
  14. Schroeder, L.: Energy budget of larvae of Hyalophora cecropia (Lepidoptera) fed Acer negundo. Oikos 22, 256–259 (1971)Google Scholar
  15. Schroeder, L.: Energy budget of cercropia moths, Platysamia ceropia (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) fed lilac leaves. Ann. Ent. Soc. Am. 65, 367–372 (1972)Google Scholar
  16. Schroeder, L.: Energy budget of the larvae of the moth Pachysphinx modesta. Oikos 24, 278–281 (1973)Google Scholar
  17. Schroeder, L.: Effect of food deprivation on the efficiency of utilization of dry matter, energy and nitrogen by larvae of the cherry scallop moth Calocalpe undulata. Ann. Ent. Soc. Am. 69, 55–58 (1976)Google Scholar
  18. Sriber, J.M.: Comparative nutritional ecology of herbivorous insects. Generalized and specialized feeding strategies in the Papilionidae and Saturniidae (Lepidoptera). Ph.D. Thesis 289 pp., Ithaca: Cornell University, N.Y. 1975Google Scholar
  19. Scriber, J.M.: Limiting effects of low leaf-water content on the nitrogen utilization, energy budget, and larval growth of Hyalophora cecropia (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae). (Oecologia (Berl.) 28, 269–287 (1977)Google Scholar
  20. Waldbauer, G.P.: The consumption and utilization of food by insects. Adv. Insect Physiol. 5, 229–289 (1968)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pedro Barbosa
    • 1
  • Jane Greenblatt
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of EntomologyUniversity of MassachusettsAmherstUSA
  2. 2.Department of EntomologyUniversity of MarylandCollege ParkUSA

Personalised recommendations