, Volume 21, Issue 2, pp 189–197 | Cite as

Caryotypes de Rana temporaria (L.) et de Rana dalmatina (Bonaparte)

  • Catherine Guillemin


The karyotype of Rana temporaria is analysed from preparations of squashed tadpole epidermis, the karyotype of Rana dalmatina from preparations of squashed larval epidermis and adult tissues. For each of these two species, the 26 chromosomes of the karyotype have been divided in two groups according to their length. Inside these two groups, three morphological criteria — relative length, arm-ratio and presence of secondary constriction — permit the identification of each of the component parts. For Rana dalmatina, the analysis of the two meiotic divisions shows that the classification remains possible in two groups. There is no evidence of an heteromorphic pair of chromosomes in these two species. The studies on Rana temporaria and Rana dalmatina are compared to recent ones on other Ranidae.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Callan, H. G., and L. Lloyd: Lampbrush chromosomes of crested newts Triturus cristatus (Laurenti). Phil. Trans. B 243, 135–219 (1960).Google Scholar
  2. Cei, G.: Note citologische sulle cellule germinali maschili di Rana graeca Blg., di Rana arvalis Nils. e di Rana dalmatina Bonap. Monit. zool. ital. 55, 10–17 (1946).Google Scholar
  3. Dearing, W. H.: The material continuity and individuality of the somatic chromosomes of Ambystoma tigrinum, with special reference to the nucleolus as a chromosomal component. J. Morph. 56, 157–173 (1934).Google Scholar
  4. Di Berardino, M. A.: The karyotype of Rana pipiens and investigation of its stability during embryonic differentiation. Develop. Biol. 5, 101–126 (1962).Google Scholar
  5. Galgano, M.: Evoluzione degli spermatociti di I ordine e cromosomi pseudosessuali in alcune specie di anfibi. Arch. ital. Anat. Embriol. 32, 171–200 (1933).Google Scholar
  6. Hennen, S.: The karyotype of Rana sylvatica and its comparison with the karyo-type of Rana pipiens. J. Hered. 55, 124–128 (1964).Google Scholar
  7. Makino, S.: Notes on the chromosomes of Rana temporaria L. and Bufo sachalinensis (Nikolski). Proc. Imp. Acad. (Tokyo) 8, 23–26 (1932).Google Scholar
  8. Matthey, R.: Quelques formules chromosomiales. Sci. genet. (Torino) 3, 23–31 (1947).Google Scholar
  9. McClintock, B.: The relation of a particular chromosomal element to the development of the nucleoli in Zea mays. Z. Zellforsch. 21, 294–328 (1934).Google Scholar
  10. Morescalchi, A.: Osservazioni sul corredo cromosomico di Rana esculenta L. (nota preliminare). Boll. Zool. 29, 601–609 (1962).Google Scholar
  11. Prokofieva, A.: On the chromosome morphology of certain Amphibia. Cytologia (Tokyo) 6, 148–164 (1935).Google Scholar
  12. Weiler, C., and S. Ohno: Cytological confirmation of female heterogamety in the African water frog (Xenopus laevis). Cytogenetics 1, 217–223 (1962).Google Scholar
  13. Wickbom, T.: Cytological studies on Dipnoi, Urodela, Anura and Emys. Hereditas (Lund) 31, 241–346 (1945).Google Scholar
  14. Witschi, E.: Chromosomen und Geschlecht bei Rana temporaria. Z. ind. Abst. Vererbungslehre 27, 253–255 (1922); - Die Entwicklung der Keimzellender, Rana temporaria L. I. Urkeimzellen und Spermatogenese. Z. Zellenlehre, 1 523–561 (1924).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1967

Authors and Affiliations

  • Catherine Guillemin
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculté des Sciences de ParisLaboratoire d'EmbryologieFrance

Personalised recommendations