Current Genetics

, Volume 19, Issue 3, pp 191–197 | Cite as

Splicing of the Petunia cytochrome oxidase subunit II intron

  • Kim D. Pruitt
  • Maureen R. Hanson
Original Articles


A comparative analysis of the plant introncontaining mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit II (coxII) genes provides an indication that four conserved sequence motifs, present in exon 1 (intron-binding sequences; IBS), and complementary motifs (exon-binding sequences; EBS), present in domain I of the group II intron, may be involved in splicing of the intron. Two of these potential IBS motifs (IBS1 and IBS2) have been previously discussed. Two further potential IBS motifs (IBSa and IBSb), which occur twice within exon 1, could be involved in specification of the 5′ splice site and of a 5′ cryptic splice site. Nuclease-proection experiments and DNA sequence analysis of a spliced coxII cDNA have confirmed the predicted positions of the petunia coxII 5′ and 3′ splice sites. Evidence for the occurrence of splicing in vivo at the putative 5′ cryptic splice site in petunia is provided by the detection of a nuclease-protected fragment corresponding to the size which is predicted if splicing at the proposed cryptic splice site occurs. The existence and location of a cryptic splice site, upstream of the normal coxII 5′ splice site, is consistent with the proposed derivation of the cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS)-associated pcf gene from an abnormally spliced coxII transcript (Pruitt and Hanson 1989).

Key words

Group II intron Cryptic splice site Cytochrome oxidase subunit II Plant mitochondria 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kim D. Pruitt
    • 1
  • Maureen R. Hanson
    • 1
  1. 1.Section of Genetics and DevelopmentCornell UniversityIthacaUSA

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