Biology and Fertility of Soils

, Volume 9, Issue 1, pp 78–82 | Cite as

The effect of lime on microbial activity in spruce (Picea abies L.) forests

  • L. Zelles
  • K. Stepper
  • A. Zsolnay


The use of lime increased heat output and decreased the C:N ratio (global indicators of biological activity) in the organic horizons of a spruce forest (Picea abies L.) soil. These changes were still present after 18 years. During the same period, the muramic acid content increased slightly, while the concentration of both ergosterol and glucosamine decreases. The ratios of ergosterol or glucosamine to muramic acid decreased significantly after 3 years in the plots that had been irrigated and limed, and after 8 years in the limed non-irrigated plots.

Key words

Muramic acid Ergosterol Glucosamine Soil Bioactivity Lime Picea abies 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Zelles
    • 1
  • K. Stepper
    • 2
  • A. Zsolnay
    • 1
  1. 1.GSF - Institut für BodenökologieNeuherberg-MünchenFederal Republic of Germany
  2. 2.Senat für UmweltschutzBremenFederal Republic of Germany

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