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Biology and Fertility of Soils

, Volume 9, Issue 2, pp 199–202 | Cite as

Characterization of free and adsorbed phosphatases in soils

  • E. Kandeler
Article

Summary

The kinetic and thermodynamic parameters of soil alkaline phosphatases, extracted humus-enzyme complexes, and water extracts were evaluated. The isolation procedure for humus-enzyme complexes involves exhaustive extraction of the soil with the chelating resin Chelex 100. The Km values for alkaline phosphatases in the resin extracts of two soils were 0.881 and 2.236 mM, respectively, and were greater than those of the water extracts (0.320 and 0.527 mM) and the soil suspensions (0.445 and 0.652 mM). The vmax values varied considerably, indicating the fundamental role of the enzyme concentration in the fractions and soils. The temperature of inactivation in the water extracts was 30°C, being 10° and 20°C lower than the temperature needed to inactivate alkaline phosphatase in humus-enzyme complexes and in soils, respectively. The results indicated that only a small portion of the enzyme activity was in a soluble state and that this fraction was characterized by a low thermal stability. The sorption of alkaline phosphatases to humic substances gives them additional thermal stability and leads to a partial inhibition of the enzyme.

Key words

Phosphatase activity Kinetic parameters Saturation extract Soluble enzymes Humus-enzyme complex Clayminerals 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Kandeler
    • 1
  1. 1.Bundesanstalt für BodenwirtschaftViennaAustria

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