Biological Cybernetics

, Volume 45, Issue 2, pp 131–142

Trajectory formation and handwriting: A computational model

  • P. Morasso
  • F. A. Mussa Ivaldi

DOI: 10.1007/BF00335240

Cite this article as:
Morasso, P. & Mussa Ivaldi, F.A. Biol. Cybern. (1982) 45: 131. doi:10.1007/BF00335240


This paper proposes a computational model for different aspects of trajectory formation, from point-to-point movements to handwriting. The proposed model is based on a mechanism of composition of basic curve elements (strokes) which separates the spatial and the temporal aspects of trajectory formation. At the same time, the model suggests a method for storing and describing arm movements, as a list of stroke descriptors. Experimental trajectories were digitized and analyzed with regard to several types of movements: i) point-to-point trajectories, ii) closed trajectories, iii) trajectories with inflection points, iv) spiral-like trajectories, v) handwritten trajectories. Velocity and curvature profiles were computed for the trajectories and the model was fitted to the data. The implications of the model and its “credibility” in the general context of motor control are discussed.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Morasso
    • 1
  • F. A. Mussa Ivaldi
    • 1
  1. 1.Instituto di ElettrotecnicaUniversità di GenovaGenovaItaly

Personalised recommendations