Molecular and General Genetics MGG

, Volume 212, Issue 2, pp 225–231 | Cite as

Replication of ColE2 and ColE3 plasmids: The regions sufficient for autonomous replication

  • Toshihiro Horii
  • Tateo Itoh


We have localized the regions sufficient for autonomous replication on the genomes of the colicin E2 (ColE2) and colicin E3 (ColE3) plasmids and analyzed the replication functions carried by these regions. A 1.3 kb segment of each plasmid is sufficient for autonomous replication. Plasmids carrying this segment retain the replication properties of the original plasmid. The 1.3 kb segment consists of three functional portions. Firstly, a 0.9 kb region which specifies at least one trans-acting factor required for replication of each plasmid. Secondly, a 0.4 kb region located adjacent to one end of the 0.9 kb region, which is required for expression of the trans-acting factor(s) and probably contains the promoter. The region across the border of these two portions of ColE2 is involved in copy number control of the plasmid. The third portion is a 50 bp region adjacent to the other end of the 0.9 kb region, which contains a cis-acting site (origin) where replication initiates in the presence of the trans-acting factor(s). The action of the trans-acting factor(s) on the origin is plasmid specific. The 50 bp regions functioning as the origins of replication of ColE2 and ColE3 are the smallest among those in prokaryotic replicons so far identified and analyzed.

Key words

ColE2 and ColE3 Autonomous replication Trans-acting factor Origin Plasmid specificity 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Toshihiro Horii
    • 1
  • Tateo Itoh
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Genetics, Department of Biology, Faculty of ScienceOsaka UniversityToyonaka, OsakaJapan

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