Social Indicators Research

, Volume 16, Issue 4, pp 347–413 | Cite as

Multiple discrepancies theory (MDT)

  • Alex C. Michalos


A fairly thorough account of multiple discrepancies theory (MDT) is presented, with a review of its historical antecedents and an examination of its strength in accounting for the happiness (H) and satisfaction (S) of nearly 700 university undergraduates. Basically, MDT asserts that H and S are functions of perceived gaps between what one has and wants, relevant others have, the best one has had in the past, expected to have 3 years ago, expects to have after 5 years, deserves and needs. MDT explained 49% of the variance in H, 53% in global S and 50% or more in 7 out of 12 domain S scores. The domains studied were health, finances, family, job, friendships, housing, area, recreation, religion, self-esteem, transportation and education.


Multiple Discrepancy Discrepancy Theory Historical Antecedent Multiple Discrepancy Theory Multiple Discrepancy Theory 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alex C. Michalos
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.University of GuelphCanada
  2. 2.Institute of Public AffairsDalhousie UniversityHalifaxCanada

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