, Volume 105, Issue 4, pp 537–544 | Cite as

Effects of an invading coccinellid on native coccinellids in an agricultural landscape

  • Norman Elliott
  • Robert Kieckhefer
  • William Kauffman
Community Ecology Original Paper


Seven native coccinellid species inhabited alfalfa, corn, and small grain fields in eastern South Dakota prior to invasion and establishment of Coccinella septempunctata L. Six species occurred in all crops, however, Adalia bipunctata (L.) occurred only in corn. The structure of native coccinellid communities differed significantly for years prior to compared with years after establishment of C. septempunctata in fields of the three agricultural crops. Differences in community structure were accounted for mainly by reduced abundance of two species, C. transversoguttata richardsoni Brown and Adalia bipunctata (L.). Annual abundance of C. transversoguttata richardsoni averaged 20–32 times lower during post-invasion years than in years prior to invasion, depending on crop; while annual abundance of A. bipunctata averaged 20 times lower in corn after invasion. Addition of C. septempunctata to the community did not result in a significant increase in total abundance of coccinellids in the crops. Coccinellid abundance in agricultural crops may be limited by the total abundance of prey or by the availability of other requisites in the landscape as a whole. Therefore, introduction of a new species, while resulting in reductions in native species populations, may not increase total coccinellid abundance, and may therefore have no net effect on biological control of aphid pests.

Key words

Coccinellidae Aphididae Biological control Competition 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Box GEP, Jenkins GM (1976) Time series analysis: forecasting and control. Holden-Day, San Francisco, pp 575Google Scholar
  2. Bray JR, Curtis JT (1957) An ordination of the upland communities of southern Wis. Ecol Monogr 22:217–234Google Scholar
  3. Caltagirone LE (1981) Landmark examples of classical biological control. Annu Rev Entomol 26:213–232Google Scholar
  4. Clarke KR (1993) Non-parametric multivariate analyses of changes in community structure. Austr J Ecol 18:117–143Google Scholar
  5. Coderre D, Tourneur JD (1986) Vertical distribution of aphids and aphidophagous insects on maize. In: Hodek I (ed) Ecology of aphidophaga. Academia, Prague, pp 561Google Scholar
  6. Corderre D, Provencher L, Tourneur JC (1987) Oviposition and niche partitioning in aphidophagous insects in maize. Can Entomol 119:195–203Google Scholar
  7. Duelli P (1988) Aphidophaga and the concepts of island biogeography in agricultural areas. In: Niemczyk E, Dixon AFG (eds) Ecology and effectiveness of aphidophaga. SPB Academic Publishing, The Hague, p 341Google Scholar
  8. Duelli P, Studer M, Marchand I, Jakob S (1990) Population movements of arthropods between natural and cultivated areas. Biol Conserv 54:193–207Google Scholar
  9. Durbin J, Watson GS (1971) Testing for serial correlation in least squares regression III. Biometrika 58:1–19Google Scholar
  10. Ehler LE, Hall RW (1982) Evidence for competitive exclusion of introduced natural enemies in biological control. Environ Entomol 11:1–4Google Scholar
  11. Ehler LE, Miller JC (1978) Biological control in temporary agroecosystems. Entomophaga 23:207–212Google Scholar
  12. Elliott NC, Kieckhefer RW (1990a) A thirteen-year survey of the aphidophagous insects of alfalfa. Prairie Nat 22:87–96Google Scholar
  13. Elliott NC, Kieckhefer RW (1900b) Dynamics of aphidophagous coccinellid assemblages in small grain fields in eastern South Dakota. Environ Entomol 19:1320–1329Google Scholar
  14. Evans EW (1991) Intra versus interspecific interactions of lady-beetles (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) attacking aphids. Oecologia 87:401–408Google Scholar
  15. Ewert MA, Chiang HC (1966) Effects of some environmental factors on the distribution of three species of Coccinellidae in their microhabitat. In: Hodek I (ed) Ecology of aphidophagous insects. Academic, Prague, p 532Google Scholar
  16. Forman RTT, Godron M (1986) Landscape ecology. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  17. Franklin JF (1989) Importance and justification of long-term studies in ecology. In: Likens GE (ed) Long-term studies in ecology: approaches and alternatives. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, p 214Google Scholar
  18. Hanski I, Gilpin M (1991) Metapopulation dynamics: brief history and conceptual domain. Biol J Linn Soc 42:3–16Google Scholar
  19. Harrison S, Quinn JF, (1989) Correlated environments and the persistence of metapopulations. Oikos 56:293–298Google Scholar
  20. Hodek I (1973) Biology of Coccinellidae. Academia, PragueGoogle Scholar
  21. Honek A (1982a) Factors with determine the composition of field communities of adult aphidophagous Coccinellidae (Coleoptera). Z Angew Entomol 94:157–168Google Scholar
  22. Honek A (1982b) The distribution of overwintered Coccinella septempunctata L. (Col., Coccinellidae) adults in agricultural crops. Z Angew Entomol 94:311–319Google Scholar
  23. Honek A (1983) Factors affecting the distribution of larvae of aphid predators (Col., Coccinellid and Dipt., Syrphidae) in cereal stands. Z Angew Entomol 95:336–345Google Scholar
  24. Honek A (1985) Habitat preferences of aphidophagous coccinellids [Coleoptera]. Entomophaga 30:253–264Google Scholar
  25. Howarth FG (1991) Environmental impacts of classical biological control. Annu Rev Entomol 36:485–509Google Scholar
  26. Hurlbert SH (1984) Pseudoreplication and the design of ecological field experiments. Ecol Monogr 54:187–211Google Scholar
  27. Kieckhefer RW, Elliott NC (1990) A 13-year survey of the aphidophagous Coccinellidae in maize fields in eastern South Dakota. Can Entomol 122:579–581Google Scholar
  28. Kieckhefer RW, Elliott NC, Beck DA (1992) Aphidophagous coccinellids in alfalfa, small grains, and maize in eastern South Dakota. Great Lakes Entomol 25:15–23Google Scholar
  29. Luff ML, (1983) The potential of predators for pest control Agric Ecosyst Environ 10:159–181Google Scholar
  30. Quinn JF, Hastings A (1987) Extinction in subdivided habitats. Conserv Biol 1:198–208Google Scholar
  31. Samways MJ (1988) Classical biological control and insect conservation: are they compatible? Environ Conserv 15:349–354Google Scholar
  32. Schaefer PW, Dysart RJ, Specht HB (1987) North American distribution of Coccinella septempunctata (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) and its mass appearance in coastal Delaware. Environ Entomol 16:368–373Google Scholar
  33. Staines CL Jr, Rothchild MJ, Trumble RB (1990) A survey of the Coccinellidae (Coleoptera) associated with nursery stock in Maryland. Proc Entomol Soc Wash 92:310–313Google Scholar
  34. Wright EJ, Laing JE (1980) Numerical response of coccinellids to aphids in corn in southern Ontario. Can Entomol 112:977–988Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Norman Elliott
    • 1
  • Robert Kieckhefer
    • 2
  • William Kauffman
    • 3
  1. 1.SPA Plant Science Research LaboratoryUSDA, ARSStillwaterUSA
  2. 2.NPA Northern Grain Insects Research LaboratoryUSDA, ARSBrookingsUSA
  3. 3.APHIS Otis Methods Development Laboratory, Otis ANGBUSDACape CodUSA

Personalised recommendations