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Chromosoma

, Volume 78, Issue 3, pp 293–311 | Cite as

Molecular and chromosomal organization of DNA sequences coding for the ribosomal RNAs in cereals

  • R. Appels
  • W. L. Gerlach
  • E. S. Dennis
  • H. Swift
  • W. J. Peacock
Article

Abstract

The chromosomal locations of ribosomal DNA in wheat, rye and barley have been determined by in situ hybridization using high specific activity 125I-rRNA. The 18S-5.8S-26S rRNA gene repeat units in hexaploid wheat (cv. Chinese Spring) are on chromosomes 1B, 6B and 5D. In rye (cv. Imperial) the repeat units occur at a single site on chromosome 1R(E), while in barley (cv. Clipper) they are on both the chromosomes (6 and 7) which show secondary constrictions. In wheat and rye the major 5S RNA gene sites are close to the cytological secondary constrictions where the 18S-5.8S-26S repeating units are found, but in barley the site is on a chromosome not carrying the other rDNA sequences. — Restriction enzyme and R-loop analyses showed the 18S-5.8S-26S repeating units to be approximately 9.5 kb long in wheat, 9.0 kb in rye and barley to have two repeat lengths of 9.5 kb and 10 kb. Electron microscopic and restriction enzyme data suggest that the two barley forms may not be interpersed. Digestion with EcoR1 gave similar patterns in the three species, with a single site in the 26S gene. Bam H1 digestion detected heterogeneity in the spacer regions of the two different repeats in barley, while in rye and wheat heterogeneity was shown within the 26S coding sequence by an absence of an effective Bam H1 site in some repeat units. EcoR1 and Bam H1 restriction sites have been mapped in each species. — The repeat unit of the 5S RNA genes was approximately 0.5 kb in wheat and rye and heterogeneity was evident. The analysis of the 5S RNA genes emphasizes the homoeology between chromosomes 1B of wheat and 1R of rye since both have these genes in the same position relative to the secondary constriction. In barley we did not find a dominant monomer repeat unit for the 5S genes.

Keywords

Repeat Unit Hexaploid Wheat Secondary Constriction Chromosomal Organization Enzyme Data 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Appels
    • 1
  • W. L. Gerlach
    • 1
  • E. S. Dennis
    • 1
  • H. Swift
    • 1
    • 2
  • W. J. Peacock
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Plant IndustryCSIROCanberra CityAustralia
  2. 2.Department of BiologyUniversity of ChicagoChicagoUSA

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