Fresenius' Journal of Analytical Chemistry

, Volume 350, Issue 3, pp 168–177 | Cite as

XPS, ICP and DPASV analysis of medieval pottery — Statistical multivariate treatment of data

  • P. Bruno
  • M. Caselli
  • M. L. Curri
  • P. Favia
  • R. Lamendola
  • A. Mangone
  • A. Traini
  • C. Laganara
Original Papers Archaeological Material


Medieval ceramic sherds have been studied by inductively coupled plasma (ICP) emission spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) in order to acquire knowledge about technological achievements in pottery production in Apulia during the Middle Ages. The XPS results allow to characterize the surface glazes, which are transparent owing to the presence of PbO or opaque-white in case of Sn addition. The study of coloured glossy surfaces, after an optimized chemical etching, has also shed light on the pigment nature of the painted decorations, whose red colour is to be attributed to the presence of Pb3O4 and not of Fe oxides. Quantitative determinations were performed by ICP measurements on samples of differently coloured glazes, clayey slips and ceramic bulks. Pb and Cu, present in one green glaze, were also determined by differential pulsed anodic stripping voltammetry (DPASV). The analytical results were treated by different statistical techniques of multivariate analysis.


Inductively Couple Plasma Pb3O4 Ceramic Bulk Technological Achievement Ceramic Sherd 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Bruno
    • 1
  • M. Caselli
    • 1
  • M. L. Curri
    • 1
  • P. Favia
    • 1
  • R. Lamendola
    • 1
  • A. Mangone
    • 1
  • A. Traini
    • 1
  • C. Laganara
    • 2
  1. 1.Dipartimento di ChimicaUniversità di BariBariItaly
  2. 2.Ist. Storia dell'Arte MedievaleUniversità di BariBariItaly

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