AES and CEMS analysis of the formation of layers on Si steel under thermal treatment in a flux of H2/water vapour
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The near surface diffusion and reaction processes in iron-silicon steel (3.1 wt.%Si) during 10 min decarburization in water vapour/hydrogen have been studied. The decarburization temperature has been varied between 506 and 714°C for the fixed partial pressure ratio pH2O/pH2=0.017. An outer layer of SiO2 forms on the surface with its thickness increasing with temperature. From 600°C upwards, the decarburization process is hindered and a cementite layer is formed below the SiO2 layer. The formation of fayalite at the surface has been studied at a fixed decarburization temperature with pH2O/pH2 ranging from 0.017 to 0.49. The scale thickness reduces abruptly just before the ratio pH2O/pH2 necessary for the wüstite formation is reached. Obviously, a new layer is formed which reduces the oxygen diffusion that much that a transition from internal to external oxidation occurs.
KeywordsSiO2 Cementite Pressure Ratio Decarburization Fayalite
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