Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology

, Volume 104, Issue 3, pp 277–293 | Cite as

Magmatic evolution of the Karmøy Ophiolite Complex, SW Norway: relationships between MORB-IAT-boninitic-calc-alkaline and alkaline magmatism

  • Rolf B. Pedersen
  • Jan Hertogen


The polyphasal magmatic evolution of the Caledonian Karmøy Ophiolite Complex includes: (1) formation of an axis sequence from island-arc tholeiitic (IAT) and more MORB-like magmas (493+7/-4 Ma); (2) intrusion of magmas of boninitic affinity (485±2 Ma); (3) intrusion of MORB- and IAT-like magmas; (4) intrusion and extrusion of calc-alkaline magmas (470+9/-5 Ma); (5) intrusion and extrusion of basalts with alkaline trace-element affinity. Repeated intrusion of MORB and IAT-like magmas may be explained by intermittent magmatism involving magma-chamber solidification and remelting of a source characterized by initial ɛNd of approximately +6.5. The boninitic rocks may have formed from two LREE-depleted sources: the primary source of the axis-sequence magmas and the residual source left after extraction of these magmas. These sources have been enriched in LREE, Th and Zr from subducted material exhibiting a continental Nd-isotope signature with initial ɛNd less than-8. Covariation between ɛNd and Th, Zr, Nd, Y and Yb may be explained by metasomatic enrichment of a LREE-depleted mantle source by a LREE-enriched subduction component, followed by partial melting during which the degree of melting of the metasomatized mantle source increased linearly with the amount of subduction component added to the mantle source. The calc-alkaline magmas may have formed by remelting of a highly depleted source, which became enriched in some trace elements derived from the source of the subsequent alkaline magmatism. The geology and geochemistry of the Karmøy Ophiolite Complex suggest growth of an island-arc upon newly-formed oceanic crust, followed by arc-splitting and the development of a new basin.


Geochemistry Subduction Partial Melting Oceanic Crust Mantle Source 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rolf B. Pedersen
    • 1
  • Jan Hertogen
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of GeologyUniversity of BergenBergenNorway
  2. 2.Department of Physicochemical GeologyUniversity of LeuvenLeuvenBelgium

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